Gardening in September
As September comes along we sometimes
feel a little sagging of interest an inclination to "let the garden go" since
the growing season is drawing to a close. Early Fall, however, is a vital
period in gardening, and it is important that we do not neglect the things
which require doing before frost. September activities may assure success for
the coming year.
Early September is the time to plan,
purchase, and plant for next spring's bulb garden, and it is a fine way to
recover from that early autumn feeling that gardening will soon be over for the
year. A sheaf of bulb cataloges, pencil and paper will inspire any true
First of all, measure the space to be
devoted to fall planted bulbs and calculate the number, which will be required.
Then get out the catalogues; or better yet, visit the bulb growers personally
and make your selections with an eye to what sort of effect you wish to
Among the daffodils there are the
sturdy giant trumpets, of which Giant Killer is one of the largest; the
graceful medium trumpets like the beautiful but poorly named Gertic Millar; the rush-foliaged jonquils for naturalistic plantings; the dainty,
cluster-flowered species hybrids such as Agnes Harvey and Pearly
Queen which, together with the deeply colored little poetaz Orange
Queen, are ideal for rock plantings; the sweet-scented and striking poetaz
types, of which Franz Hals is a good example, with large clusters of
small, flat, frilled blossoms, yellow-cupped, and with a creamy perianth.
Add a few species tulips to your list
for unusual and frail beauty and some of that old blue-and-white favorite,
chionodoxas or glory-of-the-snow. These, together with hyacinths, scillas, and
crocus will fill the bulb beds with color when Spring comes again.
Next month will be time enough for
some bulb planting; though it is better for the daffodils to go into the ground
as soon as the bulbs are delivered.
Roses also may be ordered in September
for delivery and planting during the month. If you are a rank amateur, consult
a reliable source on the details of planting, for it is an exact and important
business. Lack of planting knowledge may cost you your new roses. Among the
successful newer roses are Gloaming, an everbloomer of glowing-pink
overlaid with salmon; the gold medal winner, Eclipse, a lovely clear
yellow; and the crisp, brilliant little Permanent Wave with its unique
The hardier house plants which still
remain in the garden must come into the house before danger of frost, Lift the
pots, prune, and keep on the porch for a few days before taking inside, so that
the shock of removal may be less violent.
If any plants are growing in these and
borders which you desire to take in for winter use, the earlier they are potted
the better. They may need severe pruning, and the pruned portions may be used
for cuttings to make new plants. Root these in flats of moist sand and
transplant later into pots of mixed loam, sand, and peat.
Perennial seedlings, which were
planted in July or August, may need plenty of watering during September, and
also the cutting bed and the compost heap.
The lawn may also need artificial
watering if it is to present a green, velvety appearance in the Spring. Early
September is not too late to plant grass seed where it is needed.
Late-blooming flowers such as
chrysanthemums, dahlias, and asters need plenty of water, fertilization, and
perhaps spraying during September to insure fine bloom later on.
Rose bushes may be thankful for
September spraying and watering if rainfall is scanty, as some of the finest
blooms come during the cool, late autumn weeks.
Peonies can be transplanted best early
in September. Purchase plants now. Do not divide or replant old-established
peonies unless they show signs of flowering-less vigorously in their original
Iris, gaillardia, hard ' y asters,
phlox, and bleeding heart, can be transplanted successfully in September.
Pansies, English daisies, and
myosotis, which were planted in August, are ready in late September for a light
winter protection. Evergreen boughs laid across the bed are most effective for
this purpose, though good substitutes are excelsior or salt hay held down
lightly by a few pruned tree branches.
Though we cannot always count on the
seed, gathered from our own garden flowers, it is worth while to gather those
of fine specimen blooms for planting in Spring. In this way we may perpetuate
some especially fine plants. Dry the seeds thoroughly in the sun before placing
them in small manila coin envelopes. Id marking plainly with name, date, etc.
These envelopes can be filed like index cards.
After the seeds are harvested, dead
flower stalks may be collected and burned. This will help to prevent the spread
of disease, which may have attacked the plants.
Gladiolus bulbs should be harvested,
tops cut off close to bulb, and dried in flats a short time until surface
moisture has disappeared. Store in a cool, dry cellar in the same flats in
which they were dried.
Tuberous-rooted begonias must also
come up with a clump of earth attached to the tuber before danger of hard
frost. If the foliage is still alive, it is cut to prevent rotting and the
tubers are stored in a cool cellar.
Evergreens demand our attention. This
is a good month for pruning and cleaning. Dead wood can be easily discovered
during this dormant period. Bagworms may be removed, and sulfur applied if red
spider is still present.
Most hardy deciduous shrubs, which
bloom in Spring and early Summer, can be transplanted during this month.
Watering must not be neglected
especially for newly set trees and shrubs. The roots are not yet thoroughly
established in their unaccustomed positions, and need more than a normal amount