Wow, great stuff, but you are correct. You need to have the scraps break down. What you have is called 'greens' and is high in nitrogen. You need to add 'browns' that are carbon. That would be newspaper, dried leaves in fall, shredded cardboard, twigs. Got any newspaper you can tear or shred and mix in to help break it all down? You could mix it in a container and bury it in the ground and let it rot, or compost it on a composter.
When weeding, the best way to make sure you are removing a weed and not a valuable plant is to pull on it. If it comes out of the ground easily, it is a valuable plant.