Fall Chrysanthemums for the Home Garden – Care, Planting, Insects

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Chrysanthemums for late fall beauty

There are many kinds of chrysanthemums,
some annual and some perennial. The garden annual group
that blooms in late summer is easy to grow from seeds
sown in open ground as soon as it can be worked. They
are suitable for mass color effects. These should be
thinned to 12 to 24 inches apart to provide the best
blooms. The perennial border kinds bloom profusely in
a wide range of colors even after other flowering plants
have been killed by Frost. Planted in well-drained soil,
they will grow for several years in most any climate
if mulched during the winter. They are usually propagated
by seeds (which produce flowers the second year), by
division, or by cuttings of young, firm shoots. The
florist’s mum group has a good many varieties that are
perfectly hardy and can be grown in the home garden.
There are several other kinds of chrysanthemums, including
many plants often called daisies, that have a place
in many home gardens.

SOIL PREPARATION: A light, rich,
and above all, a well-drained soil, with lots of sunlight,
is needed for growing good chrysanthemums. A good supply
of plant food and humus should be spaded into the before
planting.

PLANTING: For outdoor culture,
plants may be propagated by cuttings of the stem, by
division of the crown, and some varieties from seeds.
Cuttings are easy to grow and the method requires no
more special attention than most other plants. Stem
cutting should be; taken early in the season when the
plant has reached the height of four or five inches.
Immediate re-planting of divisions of a lifted crown
cut into 3 or 4 sections is a common means of propagation,
since most chrysanthemums should be divided annually
to keep plants fertilizers. Hardy types may be planted
in either the fall or spring, although spring is the
more suit-able time since plants will have full summer
growth established before cold weather. The distance
between plants varies with type, but ordinarily 18 to
24 inches will give sufficient space. The depth of the
plants should be such that the soil comes to the top
of the crown of roots. Always water plants well immediately
after setting.

GROWING CARE: The method of growing
all groups is essentially the same. Some protection
is needed in the northern states during, the winter.
Tall plants should be staked. Preferably the tips should
be pinched off when the plants are small, and again
later on to induce bushy growth. By pinching out some
of the lateral buds larger terminal blossoms can be
produced. Frequent cultivation and a feeding of fertilizer,
1 pound per 25 square feet prior to blooming, are necessary
to produce prolific bloom.

INSECTS AND DISEASES: A number
of insects, especially aphids, as well as several fungus
diseases, such as rust, mildew, and blight, are commonly
found on chrysanthemums. The regular use of chemical
Dust that controls most chewing insects, sucking insects,
and fungus diseases, will stop damage before it gets
started. In cases of bad infestations of disease, remove
in-fected leaves to increase ventilation, water from
below, not allowing the water to get on foliage, an
dust with your leading brand every two or three days.

 

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