Decorative bark and good foliage color

Decorative bark and good foliage color

Broad-leaved

ACER CAPILLIPES Young bark striated with
white; young growths coral red, leaves turning crimson
in autumn. A. davidii, young bark shiny green,
striated with white; leaves usually turn yellow and
purple in autumn. Long chains of keys striking. A.
griseum,
paper bark maple, the outer bark peeling
in papery flakes to show the copper-colored inner bark;
opening leaves bronze colored, turning red or orange
in autumn. A. grosseri, A. g. hersii, young
bark green or yellowish striated with white, leaves
orange and crimson in autumn. A. pennsylvanicum,
moosewood, young bark green striped and patterned
with white, the large leaves pinkish on opening turning
clear in autumn. A. rufinerve, bark green, with
an elaborate pattern of greyish markings, persisting
on old trunks; leaves red when young and usually crimson
in autumn, when the long chains of keys are attractive.

BETULA PAPYRIFERA Paper-bark birch, shining
white bark, the large leaves turning pale gold early
autumn, making it more effective than other birches
with colored stems.

LIQUIDAMBAR STYRACIFLUA The American sweet
gum has interesting corky bark in winter, the leaves
usually turning purple and crimson in autumn.

PARROTIA PERSICA Particularly good if
trained to standard form, the grey bark flaking away
in a pattern resembling the London plane, while the
leaves turn brilliant golds and crimsons (see also Early
flowering trees).

PHELLODENDRON AMURENSE The grey, corky
trunk is of picturesque form, and the handsome yellow
leaves turn yellow in autumn.

SORBUS AUCUPARIA BEISSNERI This handsome
cultivar of the mountain ash has red branchlets anal
a coppercolored trunk, the large leaves with deeply
cut leaflets turning old gold in autumn.

Conifers

Many conifers with yellow, silver or variegated
foliage (listed under those headings) give interest
of form and foliage color at all seasons. Some pines,
when their lower branches are removed, also have interesting
bark, P. bungeana, the lacebark pine, has bark
which peels off to show white patches; P. nigra maritima,
the Corsican pine, develops a striking erect trunk
with pale scales between fissures in the dark bark.
The Scots pine, P. sylvestris, with its smooth
pink or red bark in the upper part of the tree, is singularly
picturesque. The bark of the well-named redwood, Sequoia
sempervirens,
never loses its astonishing color.
Except P. bungeana, which is rare and slow-growing,
these trees are only suitable for large gardens or parks.

Decorative bark in winter.

In addition to the foregoing, the principal
decorative distinction of the following is their bark,
the coloring of their foliage not being exceptional.

ARBUTUS x ARACHNOIDES Hybrid strawberry
tree. Trunk and branches cinnamon red.

BETULA Several birches have singularly
beautiful colored bark, though this does not always
show on young trees. Among the best are B. albosinensis
septentrionalis,
orange-brown with a grey bloom;
B. ermanii, trunk cream-colored, the bark peeling
off, the branches orange-brown; B. jacquemontiana,
the whitest bark of all-the white can be rubbed
off like chalk; B. lutea, the peeling, paper-like
bark being yellowish; B. mandschurica, vars.
japonica and szechuanica, have very white
stems and branches; B. maximowicziana, the largest-leaved
birch, the trunk at first orange-brown becoming white;
B. pendula, the native British birch, varies
greatly in the color of its stem and good white-barked
seedlings must be selected.

CORNUS MAS Old trees of cornelian cherry
have interesting trunks with attractive shaggy bark.

CORYLUS COLURNA The pale, corky, scaling
bark on the Turkish hazel is attractive.

EUCALYPTUS Several species have interesting
grey, peeling bark.

JUGLANS NIGRA The grey bark of this black
walnut, deeply furrowed into a network pattern, is most
striking.

PLATANUS x HYBRIDA The peeling of patches
of bark showing the greenish grey inner bark of the
London plane is well known.

POPULUS ALBA The bark of the white poplar
is smooth and grey, with black markings, except at the
base of the trunk; P. canescens, the grey poplar,
has bark of a distinctive yellowish-grey color.

PRUNUS MAACKII The Manchurian bird cherry
has smooth bark, brownishyellow in color, and peeling
like that of a birch; P. serrula, the bark is
shiny, mahogany colored, from which the thin outer skin
peels, the trunk of a mature tree having white circular
scars around it.

QUERCUS SUBER The thick, ridged bark of
the cork oak, not hardy in cold situations, makes it
a distinctive tree.

SALIX DAPHNOIDES The violet willow owes
its name to the purple shoots covered with a bloom giving
them in places a violet color; S. purpurea, the
purple osier, has reddish-purple slender branches.

ZELKOVA SINICA This remarkable tree has
smooth grey bark which peels away in scales to reveal
a rusty-colored under bark.

 


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