Helenium – Sneezeweed, Helen’s Flower, Perennials Guide to Planting Flowers

Perennial Flower Information

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Helenium – Sneezeweed, Helen’s Flower

The Heleniums are tall growing
autumnal plants which are closely related to
the Sunflower. The blooming period is from June to the
end of September and during this time the plants are
covered with flowers of mahogany-crimson, coppery-bronze,
lemon-yellow, and light and deep rich yellows. The flowers
are flat. and are borne in large heads or clusters.
They grow from 1 foot to 6 feet high.

Helenium autumnale, Riverton
Gem, grows from 2 1/2 feet to 3 feet high and has flowers
of an old gold color, which changes to a blood-red wallflower
color when mature. Riverton Beauty grows from 5 feet
to 6 feet tall. Its flowers are a rich lemon yellow
with a purplish-black cone center. Rubrum bears large,
loose heads of terra cotta or mahogany-crimson flowers
which do not change as the blooms mature. Superbum has
deep, golden yellow flowers while Striatum has yellow
flowers striped with crimson. All the above varieties
bloom from August through September.

H. Hoopesii, a clear,
rich yellow sort with slightly drooping rays, blooms
early in June and grows only 2 feet tall. Following
the last named species in season of bloom is H. pumilum,
another yellow sort, usually growing about 18 inches
tall and bearing a profusion of flowers through the
Summer months.

UTILIZE. Heleniums are a
very useful as well as popular group of plants for the
garden, for their masses of golden-hued colors blend
with the autumnal colors and produce effects which are
hard to achieve in any other group. Because of their
tall growth, Heleniums are used to form the body and
main background of large borders and are very attractive
when planted among shrubbery. The flowers are very useful
for cutting and the blooms remain fresh for a long time
when placed in water. The bushes are always covered
with large quantities of bloom which remain on the plant
in good condition for some time. The cut flowers are
useful for interior decoration.

GENERAL. Heleniums are vigorous
growing plants which thrive in any soil and even under
adverse conditions. They should be transplanted frequently
because they spread rapidly.

PROPAGATION. These plants
are propagated by seeds sown in July, by division of
the roots either in early Spring or Fall, and by cuttings
taken in Spring.

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