The Vegetable Guide – Broccoli

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How to grow Broccoli

broccoli About this Plant…
Family:
-Brassica
Genus, species:
-oleracea var. botyris

 

Introduction

It is believed that braccoli was known to the Romans at the time of Pliny,
but references to this vegetable group it with cauliflower. The first notice of
broccoli as such was make in 1724 by an English writer who called it
“sprout colliclower or Italian asparagus.” In 1729 another English
gardener reported that there were several kinds that he had been growing in
London for two years; “that with small, whitish-yellow flowers like the
cauliflower; others like the common sprouts and flowers of a colewart; and
thrid with purple flowers; all of which come mixed together.”

Sutiable
Climate

  • Zone 3 and warmer
  • Grow as a winter crop in mild-climate areas.
  • Plant in Full sun.

Varieties

CItation, Cruiser, Early Purple Sprouting, Emperor, Green Comet, Lancelot,
Late Purple Sprouting, Minaret, Nine Star, Oasis, Shogun, White Sprouting

Soil
Conditions

Well drained soil with plenty of calcium: pH 6.7-7.2

Planting
Time

Start spring seedlings inndoors, about 2 month before the last spring frost.
Set out hardened off transplants inthe garden a month before the last frost.
Cultivate or mulch and keep the soil evenly moist. Lack of water will stress
the plant, which may fail to head or may become vulnerable to insect pests. Sow
fall crops directly about 90 days befor the first fall frost, or transplant
about 60 days before frost.

Sowing
Instructions

Germination Time 6-10 days
Depth of Seed 1/2 inch
Spacing of Plants 18-24 inches
Spacing of Rows 36 inches
Quantity 1 package for 250 plants
Vegetable
Maturity Dates, Yields and Storage


Vegetable
Problems
— Press link

Harvesting

The first and probably the most essential thing to remember about harvesting
broccoli is that if you want to eat it in its prime, it must be cut before the
flower buds open while it is still green and tender and delicious. The large
central head is cut with the stem and attached leaves, makin a total length of
about 8-10 inches. The smaller heads that subsequently sprout are cut shen they
are green. The length of stems of the smaller heads depends upon the vigor of
the plant; usually they are about 4-6 inches long. Since these small shoots
keep on growing in the axils of the leaves, the harvesting continues for a few
weeks.

USDA Nutrient — Press link

Pressure
Canning

Cut broccoli into sering size pieces and boil for 3 minutes. Drain….Pack
hot broccoli into hot jars, leaving 1/2 inch headroom. Cover with boiling
water, leaving 1/2 inch headroom. Adjust lids, and process in a pressure
cannier at 10 pounds pressure (240 F). Pints – 30 minutes, Quarts – 35 minutes

Freezing

Freezing is recommended. Blanch 3 minutes in boiling water. Drain, Pack into
containers, alternating heads and stems and leaving no headroom Seal and
freeze.

Storage

Late beets can be stored successfully during the winter under proper
conditions. However they keep best at temps around freezing, and the temps
should never exceed 40 F. Also they must be kept moist, with little air
circulation. These conditions require a special storage room in the cellar or
an outside storage room, or if neither is available an outside storage pit. The
maximum storage period is 4-5 months.

Broccoli
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