Gardening and Fall Planting for October

Gardening and Fall Planting for

October

By

C. Grayson

Fall planting must begin in earnest

now. The finer perennials that are planted this month will provide strong root

growth and give early spring flowers.

Delphiniums and Campanulas are very striking and even though they grow for only one

season from two-year plants, they are worth the trouble and expense

Columbines (Aquilegias), on the

other hand, increase and multiply year after year. The long-spurred types are

especially good. In shaded spots along the Azalea beds, where there is moisture

fog breath-taking beauty, colonize Virginia Cowslips (Mertensia virginica). The

plants die down after the bloom is over and never need cultivation so with

Azalea: is an ideal place to use them.

Native plants, Trilliums of all

kinds, blue Lobelias, Forget-me-nots, Potentillas Creeping Ranunculus, both

single and double, also need shade and moisture for their development. These

Forget-me-nots, Potentillas and Ranunculus make fine ground covers and add

beauty to wide areas where grass will not grow.

Aster Star of Warburg is

one of the finest of the early perennials and come into flower along with all

the Dianthus, Carnations and Anthemis. Plant these and Sweet Williams now.

Bugle (Ajuga reptans) lend

strong blue color notes to the spring flower theme. Tradescantia, the old

fashioned Spider wort, now comes in hybrids of white and rose, mauve and

purples with azure and sapphire blues. They grow into large clumps which bloom

continuously for months. Give them room.

Coral Bells (Heucheras) are

hardy and permanent. The low growing clumps of leaves are evergreen and

increase from year to year. Planted in masses, the delicate flowers stand well

above the foliage and are particularly attractive in the pal pink of Heuchera

brizoides, the coral red of ‘Pluie de Fen’, the fine pink of ‘Rosamundi’, the

pure white of ‘Perry White’ and the rich red of ‘Sanguinea’. All of these are

good rockery plants.

Anchusas of the taller types

make strong, heavy clumps and the low growing Myosotidiflora is a charming

edging or low growing mass. Veronicas also give blue shades and are needed with

the gold of Anthemis and the everblooming Hemeroeallis hybrids. Order your

perennial for planting now.

Violets are essential for color

and fragrance. ‘Royal Robe’ and ‘Purple Giant’ are two fine new ones. These

Violets in this southern climate increase so rapidly a few plants will be all

that are needed. Do not plant them near Azaleas because Violets are hosts of

red spiders which infest these plants during the summer months. Also keep them

away from Boxwoods.

Annual seeds must be sown at

once. Cornflowers and Larkspurs, California Poppies, in all colors available,

double and single, should be planted as early as possible. Use Larkspurs and

Cornflowers for background planting, giving them much room and full sun. Other

annuals to be seeded are Chinese Forget-me-nots, (Cynoglossum), Candytufts,

Godetias, Clarkias, Lupines and Calendulas with annual Pinks.

Virginian Stocks, Baby Blue

Eyes (Nemophila insignis), Baby Snapdragons (Linarias), and Babysbreath are

especially good for edging and masses of pastel tints. These fill in wherever

low masses of soft color can be used. In the fall, these seeds were scattered

over a rock garden so new and raw that the small perennials did not hide the

rocks. Those baby annuals simply covered them with foliage and in March, April,

May and June made an exquisite symphony that pleased all who saw them. Do not

fail to plant these seeds now. They are so inexpensive and so easily grown that

they can be used very freely.

Phlox drummondi in separate

colors is another “must have” for spring flowering. Seeds are scarce but if you

had them last year they will need no replanting. Just keep the off colors

rooted out and the masses will come true year after year.

Roses now blooming in practical

munificence-Teas, Hybrid Teas, Australians, Floribundas, and Polyanthas with

the everblooming Climbers equally beautiful-make glorious displays. There are

also Chrysanthemums of many kinds, Dahlias, Asters, late summer annuals,

Lobelias in rich scarlet with the fragrance of Tea Olives, Loquats and

Oleasters drifting on each passing breeze. Vines of Clematis paniculata are

clouds of white flowers and the rosy racemes of the Antigonons, contrast with

the fine large blooms of the velvety, deep blue Brazilian Morning Glories. The

soft lavender and mauve of the Argentine Morning Glories adds another note to

the garden theme.

Surely October is a wonderfully

interesting and beautiful month.

 


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