Gardening in September


Gardening in September


is the wise uncle of the months. He seems to look

at us and say: “Now I don’t want to preach, but you

can see for yourself. You did not plan to plant enough

flowers that bloom late, and last spring everyone

had glorious beds of bulbs, but you neglected to order

yours. Last year you said you were going to work toward

the realization of an outdoor living room, but you

only planted hit-and-miss. Now is the time to revamp

the garden and profit by the mistakes which are fresh

in your mind.”


right, Uncle September, we hear you’re warning, and

we do hope you will not have to shame us into following

your timely advice.


motto for September and all other fall months should

be: Do everything possible this fall rather than put

it off until spring. This is especially true of fall

planting, for there are very few things which may

not be planted just as well in the fall as in the

spring Why not make use of the more settled weather

and the time available?




perennials are always enjoyed. Make a list of

those your friends and neighbors have and order them

immediately for October planting..


should be dug after the first heavy frosts.


through out the entire North, from New Jersey to New

England and westward to Colorado and Montana-, this

is the best month in the year to make a new lawn.

Evergreens. This is one of the best months to move coniferous



thoroughly at planting and do not let them lack water.


of hardy annuals, such as snapdragons, cornflower,

calliopsis, California-poppies, and others, can be

sown outdoors this month.


If they are dug just as the tops begin to brown they

will retain the bulblets attached to the mother bulbs.

Wildflowers transplanted this fall will bloom next spring.

Why not naturalize Trilliums, hepaticas, Virginia

Bluebells, and others in spots where you have difficulty

in keeping sod?


perennials may be divided any time during the early

fall, but care should be taken to replant them as

soon as possible to prevent their drying out. Most

perennials will respond to division every two years.

Montana gardeners note: plant evergreens from last week

in August to October 1, but do not plant deciduous

trees, shrubs, or roses in the fall. This is good

advice for other northern mountain and high-altitude

plains country.

September gardening

shrubs which grow in clumps can be taken up and

divided with a hatchet


spring-flowering bulbs, sow seeds of hardy annuals,

and transplant evergreens.

Chrysanthemums. As soon as the buds begin to appear, take off some

of the smaller ones so as to throw the strength into

a smaller number of perfect blossoms.


Evergreens. Most broadleaf evergreens will enjoy

a mulch of oak leaves or leafmold. But do not water

azaleas too much this month, as they are making flower

buds and should not be encouraged to produce too great

vegetative growth. If, however, they seem to be wilting,

they may be given some moisture.

Lawns. Emails from Georgia, advises a mixture of Kentucky

Blue grass and ryegrass, and says that the seed should

be sown as soon as the weather becomes cool. Old lawns

should be mowed regularly to encourage stooling. They

should be fertilized once each month. Bermuda Grass

makes a good green carpet from early April until early

October. It is very tufted and withstands hard, rough

treatment. But whenever Bermuda Grass gets the least

touch of frost it is a brown, ugly spotted carpet.

Ryegrass has been used to’such a large extent in recent

years that it has almost lost its nickname “feathergrass.”


planted now will be up large enough for cutting by

the time the frost kills the Bermuda Grass.


that an evergreen lawn may be had for small expense

and minimum labor. Cut the Bermuda Grass as close

as possible. Broadcast the seed as evenly as possible

over the entire lawn, using 10 pounds to each 1,000

square feet, a space 50 by 20. Broadcast 1 sack of

sheep manure and 1 bale of peatmoss right on top the

seed. Roll the lawn thoroly, and soak it. In 10 days

you may expect to see the grass peeping through. When

it is 3 or 4 inches tall, it should be cut.


severe month for lawns is August; a mulching of 1/4-inch

peatmoss has therefore proved very beneficial in Atlanta.


oxalis (Bermuda Buttercup is the yellow one and Grand

Duchess is the pink) should be planted this month

either out-of-doors as a border or in the house as

pot plants and in window boxes if there is a sunny



back rank-growing plants and spray the entire garden

before the seedlings come up. There are two or three

months more for caterpillars to work.


are particularly destructive.


Easter Lilies any time from now to mid-November.


evergreen hedges for the last time this year.


Weeds. Pull and burn any annual weeds, such

as ragweeds, pigweeds, foxtail, or pigeongrass,

that went to seed in some neglected corner.

These seeds live for years if allowed to reach

the soil and get spaded under.


It is peony planting time. Remember what Mrs.

Edward Carding said in her book about peonies,

“I shall try the same method of finally fixing

in the mind of the peony-lover the proper time

to begin transplanting. It is September 15,

at 9 a.m. (I do not believe in hurrying thru



West Coast


the garden for early rains by removing rubbish and

spent plants, spading and fertilizing the beds, and

leaving the soil loose and open. If the rains are

delayed, do not neglect irrigation.

Bulbs. Amaryllis bulbs should be planted or moved if crowded

immediately after blooming, before new growth begins.

Plant in the sun with some good foliage plant to replace

the absence of their own foliage.


planting Watsonias and freesias (including the rainbow

varieties), also begin planting Anemones, Ranunculus,

dwarf gladiolus, and callas.


attention to autumn-blooming plants, staking, cultivating,

fertilizing, and diabudding when necessary. Irrigate

well. Study and rearrange color borders and beds and

make notes for next year


Japanes Iris now in rich soil free from lime, preferably

near water or moisture.


now for winter-blooming: Sweet peas, pansies,

Violas, violets, Primula, malacoides, and Aubrietas.

In southern California sow bedding petunias, lobelias,

larkspur, Nemesis, Linum, nasturtium, Centaurea, Rehmannia,

and calendulas.


out all seedlings already own, both perennials

and annuals. Also make cuttings now of fuchsias, heliotrope,

hydrangeas, Salvias, verbenas, petunias, and rock



summer-blooming Francoa ramosa, a perennial,

may be started now in Coast regions, either by division

of the roots or by sowing seed. It prefers a cool,

moist, partially shaded location.


like a light pruning lust ahead of the fall-blooming


Cuttings. Evergreens, barberries, camellia, Cotoneaster,

Japanese Privet, Sweet Myrtle, rhododendron, and evergreen

Veronicas should be propagated this month.


Divide Christmas roses (Helleborus niger) now

to avoid disturbing the bloom.


ways to renovate old lawns.




and sow lawns in most any section except Florida.

Give established lawns an application of commercial

plant food. Also sow Italian Ryegrass m lawns anytime

between now and February to provide a green winter



To aid the fall-blooming period of roses, an application

of commercial plant food late this month will benefit.


In southern Texas set out strawberries this and next

month, using plants from northern states.


vegetables can be sown this month for fall gardens

from Alabama to Texas.


of the favorite perennial flowers can very well be

planted at this time from North Carolina all the way

westward to Oklahoma.

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