Gardening in September
is the wise uncle of the months. He seems to look
at us and say: “Now I don’t want to preach, but you
can see for yourself. You did not plan to plant enough
flowers that bloom late, and last spring everyone
had glorious beds of bulbs, but you neglected to order
yours. Last year you said you were going to work toward
the realization of an outdoor living room, but you
only planted hit-and-miss. Now is the time to revamp
the garden and profit by the mistakes which are fresh
in your mind.”
right, Uncle September, we hear you’re warning, and
we do hope you will not have to shame us into following
your timely advice.
motto for September and all other fall months should
be: Do everything possible this fall rather than put
it off until spring. This is especially true of fall
planting, for there are very few things which may
not be planted just as well in the fall as in the
spring Why not make use of the more settled weather
and the time available?
perennials are always enjoyed. Make a list of
those your friends and neighbors have and order them
immediately for October planting..
should be dug after the first heavy frosts.
through out the entire North, from New Jersey to New
England and westward to Colorado and Montana-, this
is the best month in the year to make a new lawn.
Evergreens. This is one of the best months to move coniferous
thoroughly at planting and do not let them lack water.
of hardy annuals, such as snapdragons, cornflower,
calliopsis, California-poppies, and others, can be
sown outdoors this month.
If they are dug just as the tops begin to brown they
will retain the bulblets attached to the mother bulbs.
Wildflowers transplanted this fall will bloom next spring.
Why not naturalize Trilliums, hepaticas, Virginia
Bluebells, and others in spots where you have difficulty
in keeping sod?
perennials may be divided any time during the early
fall, but care should be taken to replant them as
soon as possible to prevent their drying out. Most
perennials will respond to division every two years.
Montana gardeners note: plant evergreens from last week
in August to October 1, but do not plant deciduous
trees, shrubs, or roses in the fall. This is good
advice for other northern mountain and high-altitude
spring-flowering bulbs, sow seeds of hardy annuals,
and transplant evergreens.
Chrysanthemums. As soon as the buds begin to appear, take off some
of the smaller ones so as to throw the strength into
a smaller number of perfect blossoms.
Evergreens. Most broadleaf evergreens will enjoy
a mulch of oak leaves or leafmold. But do not water
azaleas too much this month, as they are making flower
buds and should not be encouraged to produce too great
vegetative growth. If, however, they seem to be wilting,
they may be given some moisture.
Lawns. Emails from Georgia, advises a mixture of Kentucky
Blue grass and ryegrass, and says that the seed should
be sown as soon as the weather becomes cool. Old lawns
should be mowed regularly to encourage stooling. They
should be fertilized once each month. Bermuda Grass
makes a good green carpet from early April until early
October. It is very tufted and withstands hard, rough
treatment. But whenever Bermuda Grass gets the least
touch of frost it is a brown, ugly spotted carpet.
Ryegrass has been used to’such a large extent in recent
years that it has almost lost its nickname “feathergrass.”
planted now will be up large enough for cutting by
the time the frost kills the Bermuda Grass.
that an evergreen lawn may be had for small expense
and minimum labor. Cut the Bermuda Grass as close
as possible. Broadcast the seed as evenly as possible
over the entire lawn, using 10 pounds to each 1,000
square feet, a space 50 by 20. Broadcast 1 sack of
sheep manure and 1 bale of peatmoss right on top the
seed. Roll the lawn thoroly, and soak it. In 10 days
you may expect to see the grass peeping through. When
it is 3 or 4 inches tall, it should be cut.
severe month for lawns is August; a mulching of 1/4-inch
peatmoss has therefore proved very beneficial in Atlanta.
oxalis (Bermuda Buttercup is the yellow one and Grand
Duchess is the pink) should be planted this month
either out-of-doors as a border or in the house as
pot plants and in window boxes if there is a sunny
back rank-growing plants and spray the entire garden
before the seedlings come up. There are two or three
months more for caterpillars to work.
are particularly destructive.
Easter Lilies any time from now to mid-November.
evergreen hedges for the last time this year.
Weeds. Pull and burn any annual weeds, such
as ragweeds, pigweeds, foxtail, or pigeongrass,
that went to seed in some neglected corner.
These seeds live for years if allowed to reach
the soil and get spaded under.
It is peony planting time. Remember what Mrs.
Edward Carding said in her book about peonies,
“I shall try the same method of finally fixing
in the mind of the peony-lover the proper time
to begin transplanting. It is September 15,
at 9 a.m. (I do not believe in hurrying thru
the garden for early rains by removing rubbish and
spent plants, spading and fertilizing the beds, and
leaving the soil loose and open. If the rains are
delayed, do not neglect irrigation.
Bulbs. Amaryllis bulbs should be planted or moved if crowded
immediately after blooming, before new growth begins.
Plant in the sun with some good foliage plant to replace
the absence of their own foliage.
planting Watsonias and freesias (including the rainbow
varieties), also begin planting Anemones, Ranunculus,
dwarf gladiolus, and callas.
attention to autumn-blooming plants, staking, cultivating,
fertilizing, and diabudding when necessary. Irrigate
well. Study and rearrange color borders and beds and
make notes for next year
Japanes Iris now in rich soil free from lime, preferably
near water or moisture.
now for winter-blooming: Sweet peas, pansies,
Violas, violets, Primula, malacoides, and Aubrietas.
In southern California sow bedding petunias, lobelias,
larkspur, Nemesis, Linum, nasturtium, Centaurea, Rehmannia,
out all seedlings already own, both perennials
and annuals. Also make cuttings now of fuchsias, heliotrope,
hydrangeas, Salvias, verbenas, petunias, and rock
summer-blooming Francoa ramosa, a perennial,
may be started now in Coast regions, either by division
of the roots or by sowing seed. It prefers a cool,
moist, partially shaded location.
like a light pruning lust ahead of the fall-blooming
Cuttings. Evergreens, barberries, camellia, Cotoneaster,
Japanese Privet, Sweet Myrtle, rhododendron, and evergreen
Veronicas should be propagated this month.
Divide Christmas roses (Helleborus niger) now
to avoid disturbing the bloom.
ways to renovate old lawns.
and sow lawns in most any section except Florida.
Give established lawns an application of commercial
plant food. Also sow Italian Ryegrass m lawns anytime
between now and February to provide a green winter
To aid the fall-blooming period of roses, an application
of commercial plant food late this month will benefit.
In southern Texas set out strawberries this and next
month, using plants from northern states.
vegetables can be sown this month for fall gardens
from Alabama to Texas.
of the favorite perennial flowers can very well be
planted at this time from North Carolina all the way
westward to Oklahoma.