BELLIS—English Daisy (Bell'is).
Dwarf hardy herbaceous perennials, used principally for spring flower beds: they belong to the family Compositae. The modern varieties which have originated from the English Daisy, Bellis perennis, have large double or semidouble flowers in white and various shades of red and pink. The name Bellis is derived from the Latin bellus, pretty.
These Daisies flourish in ordinary garden soil which does not dry out quickly; clayey ground should be lightened with compost and sand. The miniature kinds are suitable for the rockery.
How to Grow English Daisies. Named varieties and those of good and distinct colors may be increased by division. As soon as the flowers have faded in early summer the plants are lifted from the flower beds, separated into pieces and replanted 3 in. apart in a reserve border which is not exposed to full sunshine, since they dislike hot dry conditions. In the following autumn they are planted in the flower beds where they are to bloom in spring or, in cold climates, are overwintered in frames.
When to Sow Seeds. Another method of raising English Daisies is by sowing seeds, either of mixed varieties or of separate colors. They are sown out of doors in May or June in drills 1/2 in. deep, or in a cold frame. The seedlings are set out in a nursery border or cold frame 3 in. apart when large enough to be transplanted and there they remain until they are planted in the flower beds.
The best large double Daisies, all varieties of Bellis perennis, in addition to the Double White, Double Red, and Double Pink, are the following: Rob Roy, crimson; Victoria, red and white; Alice, pink; and the Bride, white.
The Daisy named Dresden China is a charming little plant with miniature pink blossoms; it is suitable for the rock garden, planted in sandy, loamy soil in a slightly shady place. The Blue Daisy which grows wild in Morocco (Bellis rotundifolia coerulescens) is suitable for well-drained soil and a warm sheltered position in the rock garden.