herb list

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Posted by Panax on April 21, 2002 at 19:45:33:

here is a list of herbs I have :

ANGELICA (Angelica archangelica) - The dried leaves of angelica can be used in an infusion (tea) to improve energy, stimulate circulation, reduce flatulence and as a warming expectorant. Has antibacterial and antifungal qualities. Prefers a partly sunny location, rich soil and plenty of moisture. Sends up ribbed stalks the second year of growth, bearing light green flowers. Height - 6 feet. Biennial.

ANISE (Pimpinella ansium) - The seeds of this plant can be used to flavor pastries, candies and beverages. The foliage may be chopped up and used for the same purpose, but the flavor will be a bit weaker. The leaves may also be used in salads. The plant grows up to 2 feet tall and has white flowers. Plant the seeds directly in the garden after all danger of frost has past, in a sunny location, sheltered from the wind. Plant the seeds close together (1 to 2 inches) so they will support each other. Harvest the entire plant when seeds are ripe. Hang upside down in a loose fitting paper bag and the seeds will fall off the plant into it. Height - 2 feet. Annual.

BASIL, SWEET (Ocimum basilicum) - A very popular herb, sweet basil can be used in tomato dishes, as well as soups, meat, vegetable and fish dishes. Sow the seeds directly in the garden after the soil has warmed, or to get an early start, the seeds may be started inside 3 to 4 weeks before the last spring frost. Basil grows rapidly and is a heavy feeder, so plenty of compost should be worked in the soil before planting. Harvest often to ensure a continuous supply all summer long. Basil loves a hot, sunny location in the garden, with a regular watering routine. The delicious leaves can be used either fresh or dried. Height - 2 feet. Annual.

BASIL, LEMON (Ocimum basilicum) - The strongly scented, light green leaves of lemon basil can be used in fish dishes, or is delightful in summer drinks. Makes a wonderful addition in a potpourri bowl. Lemon basil prefers a sunny location, with some protection from the wind. Height - 18 to 36 inches. Annual.

BEE BALM (Monarda didyma) - Bee balm is highly attractive to both hummingbirds and bees. The edible blossoms can be used in salads or as a garnish, and the leaves of bee balm can be used to make "Oswego tea". The plant is quite showy, and has delightful red, pink & salmon colored blossoms. Likes a sunny location in the garden with moist, fertile soil. Height - 2 to 4 feet. Perennial.

BORAGE (Borago officinalis) - The cucumber flavored leaves of the borage plant can be used in salads or iced drinks, while the blossoms can be used as a garnish in drinks. Sow the seeds in the garden after all danger of frost has past, spacing one foot apart. Do not cover the seeds after sowing, as they need light to germinate. Pick the leaves while young, as they have a tendency of getting coarse as the plants mature. Make successive plantings to ensure a fresh supply of leaves all summer long. Prefers cool weather in a sunny location. Height - 2 feet. Annual.

CALENDULA (Calendula officinalis) - Beautiful 4 inch flowers in luscious shades of orange, cream and yellow abound on these wonderful plants. The petals can be used to flavor soups, omelets, cakes and sweet breads, while the flowers can make a healing mouthwash for the gums. Sow the seeds outside after the last spring frost in a sunny location. Deadhead to prolong blooming. Height - 2 feet. Annual.

CATNIP (Nepeta cataria) - A favorite for cat lovers and their pets! The leaves of this herb can be used either fresh or dried. While feline owners delight their cats with it, catnip can also be used to make a calmative tea, as well as an aid for the relief of cold symptoms, in humans! Likes a sunny location, but can be grown in light shade. Height - 24 inches. Perennial.

CHAMOMILE, GERMAN (Matricaria recutita) - The dried flowers of this herb can be used to make a medicinal tea, which may help to soothe the stomach. Sow the seeds outside after the last spring frost, choosing a sunny location. When the blossoms bloom, pick and dry them for later use as a tea. Height - 12 to 18 inches. Annual.

CHICORY (Cichorium intybus) - The young roots can be roasted and used as a coffee substitute, or used in an infusion as a laxative and diuretic. The clear blue flowers, as well as the young seedlings, are delicious used in salads. Prefers a sunny location in the garden. Height - 3 to 5 feet. Perennial.

COMFREY (Symphytum officinale) - A very hardy plant. Used as a poultice, comfrey is excellent for treating burns and wounds. Likes a sunny location, but has a tendency to take over the tended garden, so care should be given where planted. The use of comfrey taken internally is discouraged, as it can cause serious liver damage. Height 2-3 feet. Perennial.

CORIANDER (Coriandrum sativum) - The seeds of this herb can be used in flavoring candies, beverages, sauces and soups, while the crushed seeds are often used in cakes, custards and jellies. The fresh leaves are delightful additions in both Asian and Mexican cuisine. Sow the seeds outside early spring, in a sunny location (the plants can withstand cold weather). Harvest the leaves at any time for fresh use, as drying the leaves will diminish their flavor. Height - 1 to 3 feet. Annual.

CHERVIL (Anthriscus cerefolium) - The curled leaves of the chervil plant can be used in salads, soups, vegetable dishes or omelets, as well as making a fine medicinal tea. Start the seeds inside under grow-lights, as the seeds need light in order to germinate. Transplant outside in early spring to a lightly shaded area, with well-drained soil. You may start harvesting the leaves when the plant is approximately 4 inches high, before it starts to flower. Once the flowering process starts, the plants will start to demise. Also occasionally known as "French Parsley". Height - 12 to 15 inches. Annual.

CHIVES (Allium schoenoprasum) - The delightful taste of chives adds a zip to salads, soups, omelets, and cheese dishes, while the lovely lavender blossoms make inviting, edible garnishes! Makes a wonderful potted herb for your kitchen, or sow the seeds outside in a sunny location. When ready to use, simply shear the small, tubular leaves at ground level; they will quickly regrow! Height - 8 inches. Perennial.

CUMIN (Cuminum cyminum) - The seeds of the cumin plant are crushed and powdered, then used to flavor Mexican foods, as well as chutneys, pickles and sausage. Helps give a hot, pungent flavor to your cooking! Plant outside after the last spring frost, in a sunny, well drained location. Needs a warm climate to do well. Height - 9 inches. Annual.

DANDELION (Taraxacum officinale) - The much maligned dandelion is actually a very useful and tasty herb! The leaves are a good source of vitamins A & C, as well as making a rich emollient for skin moisturizers. The roots can be eaten raw in salads, or dried, then roasted as a coffee substitute. A tea can be made from dandelions to help treat constipation and insomnia. Choose a sunny location in the garden to sow; will self-seed readily. Height - 2 to 4 inches. Hardy perennial.

DILL (Anethum graveolens) - The flower heads of the dill plant add a delicious flavor to pickles, or use the leaves of the plant to add zip to sauces, coleslaw, potato salad, or even fish! Sow the seeds outside in early spring, around the time of the last frost, in a sunny, well drained location. Gather the leaves while still young; pick the flowering tops just as fruits begin to form. Height - 2 to 3 feet. Annual.

ECHINACEA PURPUREA (Purple Coneflower) - These vigorous plants are best known for their large, purple petaled, daisy-like flowers. The roots can be used to treat toothaches, as well as sore throats, and is also thought to help simulate the immune system. For best results, the seeds of this plant should be stratified for 7 days prior to planting, or sow the seeds directly in the garden during the fall. Can be grown in either a sunny or partially shaded location. Very hardy. Height - 2 to 3 feet. Perennial.

ELECAMPANE (Inula helenium) - This herb can reach 8 feet tall, and may require staking. Elecampane has striking, yellow flowers, which bloom the second year of growth. The second year roots of this herb can be used in a tonic to help ease bronchitis and coughs, as well as in a cream to treat acne. Makes a wonderful addition to a potpourri bowl. Height - 8 feet. Perennial.

EPAZOTE (Chenopodium ambrosioides) - A popular seasoning in traditional Mexican dishes! Adds a pungent flavor with minty overtones. A very easy to grow, aromatic, herb that aids digestion and flatulence. Sow in a sunny location outside. Height - 48 inches. Annual.

EVENING PRIMROSE (Oenithera biennis) - The delicate 3 inch, yellow flowers open in the light of the moon, but as the season progresses, the flowers will often stay open all day. The gamma-linoleic acid found in the seeds is often used to treat PMS, hyperactivity and rheumatoid arthritis, while the boiled root is considered a delicacy, with a sweet parsnip-like taste. Height - 36 to 48 inches. Biennial.

FENNEL (Foeniculum vulgare) - The seeds and leaves of the fennel plant impart an anise tang, and is delightful in chowders, sauces, soups, eggs or salads. Sow the seeds directly in the garden early spring, choosing a sunny location. Although fennel is a perennial, it is usually grown as an annual. In warmer climates, you can plant the seeds in late summer and it will flower the following year. Height - 30 inches. Perennial.

FEVERFEW (Chrysanthemum parthenium) - This delightful herb bears masses of small yellow and white daisy-like flowers, as well as soft fern like leaves. Feverfew is often used in the prevention of migraines, as well as in the reduction of fevers and menstrual cramps. To sow, tamp lightly into planting mix, and place under grow lights indoors, keeping in mind the seeds need light in order to germinate. Transplant to a sunny, well drained location outside, and pinch back the flower buds occasionally to encourage a more bushy plant. To harvest, gather the leaves just before the flowers open and dry in a shady spot. Height - 1 to 2 feet. Perennial.

FLAX (Linum usitatissimum) - Flax is a beautiful herb that produces delightful, sky blue flowers that open on sunny mornings, and close in early afternoons! The dried seeds are often used in the treatment of colds, coughs, or lung ailments, and can be used as a laxative, while the stems of the flax plant produce strong fibers that can be woven into linen fabric. Sow the seeds directly in the garden, choosing a sunny location, very early spring. Height - 3 to 4 feet. Annual.

HOREHOUND (Marrubium vulgare) - The leaves of this herb are often used to flavor juices and teas, and horehound candy is used to soothe sore throats. Horehound grows easily from seed and can be sowed directly in the garden. Plant in a sunny, well-drained location, spacing 12 inches between plants. Prune or shear to keep the plants looking neat. Height - 15 to 20 inches. Perennial.

HYSSOP (Hyssopus officinalis) - This member of the mint family has bright violet-blue flowers and is a great plant for attracting bees and butterflies to the garden, helping to aid in the pollination of your crops. A tea can be made from the leaves, having a soothing quality for sore throats and colds. The flowers and leaves make a lovely addition to potpourri. DO NOT take hyssop while pregnant. Height - 1 -2 feet tall. Perennial.

JOE PYE WEED (Eupatorium purpureum) - This tall, graceful plant bears clusters of tiny, pale pink flowers top the stalks late summer. The foliage releases a delightful vanilla scent when crushed. Makes an excellent background border in the herb garden. An infusion can be made to help stimulate circulation and sweating, and a tea made from the leaves and roots is sometimes used as a diuretic. Height - 4 - 10 feet. Perennial.

LAVENDER, ENGLISH (Lavandula angustifolia) - The wonderful aroma of this plant has long been valued in its ability to scent soaps, sachets, and perfume linen. Miniature pillows stuffed with dried lavender flowers may help with insomnia and restlessness. If started indoors, the seeds need to be stratified before sowing; otherwise, directly plant in the garden late summer or early fall. Prefers a sunny, well drained, sandy location in the garden. Height -30 inches. Perennial.

LEMON BALM (Melissa officinalis) - Lemon balm is an easy to grow member of the mint family. The leaves are delicious in salads, on fish, in jellies, or pleasant in either hot or cool tea. A potpourri made from the leaves helps freshen your home, while a tea steeped with lemon balm may help treat colds and headaches. Prefers a sunny location with moist soil. Height - 18-24 inches. Perennial.

LEMON CATNIP (Nepeta cataria ssp. citriodora) - Unlike regular catnip, this variety is not attractive to cats. An aromatic tea with a mild lemon scent can be made from its leaves. May be used fresh, or for longer storage, lemon catnip can be dried. Best if grown in full sun, but can also be grown in a lightly shaded location. Height - 24 inches. Perennial.

MARJORAM, SWEET (Origanum majoranum) - Sweet marjoram has long been valued for it ability in adding zest to a variety of different foods, including meats and salads. The flowering tops of the herb may be infused as a tea for colds and headaches. Marjoram should be started inside, as germination can be slow. Transplant outside to a sunny, nutrient rich location in the garden. Can be used either fresh or dried for longer storage. Height - 12 to 18 inches. Semi- hardy perennial.

MUSTARD, BROWN (Brassica juncea) - The seeds of this easily grown herb make delicious spreads, while the leaves make tasty southern dishes. Medicinally, can be used as an appetite stimulant or a poultice to relieve pain. Prefers a sunny location in the garden. Self sows readily. Height - 2 to 4 feet. Annual.

OREGANO, GREEK (Origanum vulgare hirtum) - The leaves of this delectable herb are a must in tomato sauces, pizza and other Italian dishes. Europeans often used it medicinally to treat coughs and bronchitis. Prefers rich, well drained soil in a sunny location. Sow directly into the garden after the last spring frost; germination can be slow. Can be dried for longer storage. Height - 18 inches. Semi hardy perennial.

OX-EYE DAISY (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum) - This popular prairie wildflower, with its cheerful, pure white, velvety soft flowers and mustard-yellow centers, was a favorite of the American Indians in helping to relieve asthma, chronic coughing and nervousness. Ox-eye daisy often forms dense colonies once fully established. Choose a moist, sunny spot in the garden. Makes wonderful cut flowers! Height - 2 feet. Perennial.

PARSLEY, CURLED (Petroselinum crispum) - Deep green color and highly curled. An indispensable herb, parsley is an attractive garnish, as well as making a tasty addition to foods. Chewing the raw leaves helps sweeten the breath, as well as being a good source of vitamin C. Soaking the seeds overnight prior to planting will help speed germination, which is otherwise slow, taking up to 3 weeks to sprout. Choose a sunny or partially shaded location, with rich, well drained soil. Will regrow after it is cut. Height - 15 inches. Biennial, but grow as an annual.

PARSLEY, DARK GREEN ITALIAN (Petroselinum crispum) - Dark green, flat leaf variety. This parsley has a stronger flavor than the curled variety, and is used for more intense flavoring. Excellent choice for drying and storing. Soaking the seeds overnight prior to planting will help speed germination, which is otherwise slow, taking up to 3 weeks to sprout. Choose a sunny or partially shaded location, with rich, well drained soil. Will regrow after it is cut. Height - 15 inches. Biennial, but grow as an annual.

PENNYROYAL (Mentha pulegium)- Pennyroyal is a low growing mint with a strong, penetrating fragrance. Makes a wonderful ground cover, as well as a delightful, aromatic, filler between stepping stones! Helps repel mosquitoes and fleas if rubbed on clothing or fur. Pennyroyal should not be ingested by pregnant women. Prefers a partially shaded location; however, it can be grown in a sunny spot that is moist, but well drained. Height -12 inches. Tender perennial.

PEPPERMINT ( Mentha silvestis crispa) - The leaves of the peppermint plant are often used to flavor iced drinks, giving them a cool, refreshing taste, while the oil from the plant can be used to flavor candy and cakes. It is best to start the seeds inside, since the seeds are so tiny and may get washed away in the garden. In rich, moist soil, the plants spread rapidly from underground stems, so you may want to grow them in a container. Place in a sunny or lightly shaded location. Height - 2 feet. Hardy perennial.

PYRETHRUM (Chrysanthemum coccineum) - A delightful plant with daisy like blossoms, in lovely shades of red and pink. The dried flowers make a natural insect spray, but is harmless to mammals and birds. Grown in the garden, it will help keep neighboring plants pest free! Prefers a sunny location with dry soil conditions. Height - 2 to 3 feet. Perennial.

ROSEMARY (Rosmarinus officinalis) - The leaves of the rosemary plant have long been savored in its ability to flavor meats, potatoes, and other dishes, but it also makes wonderfully fragrant sachets! Start the seeds indoors, noting that rosemary can be erratic in sprouting. Best germination occurs when the soil temperature is maintained at 72 degrees or higher, and often takes 3 weeks to sprout. Transplant outside to a sunny location, with protection from cold winds. Height -36 inches. Perennial.

RUE (Ruta graveolens) - Historically an important herb, but now generally used as an ornamental plant. The lacy, blue-green leaves make an attractive background in the flower garden, but also makes a wonderful addition when used in small nosegays. Prefers either a sunny or partially shaded location, with well drained soil. Height - 2-3 feet. Perennial.

SAGE (Salvia officinalis) -The traditional herb used to season poultry, pork, and tasty stuffings! The leaves can also be used to make a tea which may help relieve colds and sore throats. Start the seeds inside 8 to 10 weeks before the last spring frost, transplanting outside in a sunny, well drained location. The leaves can be used either fresh, or dried for longer storage. Height - 18 inches. Perennial.

SCARLET PIMPERNEL (Anagallis arvensis) - Also called "Weatherglass" because the flowers of this herb close when bad weather is imminent. It was once used medicinally to treat epilepsy and mental problems, but is no longer recommended for internal use due to certain toxins, which can be poisonous. It is still used externally to remove warts and relieve itchy skin. Most gardeners grow it for it's pretty scarlet flowers, often seen growing wild along the roadside. Height - 12 inches. Annual.

SPEARMINT (Mentha spicata) - The fresh or dried leaves of the spearmint plant add a pleasant flavor to iced drinks, as well as making a delicious herbal tea. It is used quite often as a flavoring for candies, or with chocolate in rich deserts. It's best to start the seeds inside, since they are quite small and may get washed away in the garden. In rich, moist soil, the plants spread rapidly from underground stems, so you may want to grow them in a container. Place in a sunny or a lightly shaded location. Height - 2 feet. Hardy perennial.

SORREL, FRENCH (Rumex scutatus) - The delicious leaves of the French sorrel plant are widely used in French cuisine, as well as in soups and salads. Sow the seeds directly in the garden, choosing a sunny, but sheltered spot, with well drained soil. For best taste, gather the leaves while young and tender. Keep watered to produce juicy, succulent leaves. Height - 8 to 12 inches. Perennial.
SAVORY, SUMMER (Satureja hortensis) - The slender, gray-green leaves of the summer savory plant can be used to season gravies, vegetable dishes, or stews. It also can be used to make a fine medicinal tea, which may help relieve sore throats or upset stomachs. Start the seeds indoors 8 weeks before the last spring frost, transplanting outside in a sunny location. Height - 18 inches. Annual.

ST. JOHNSWORT (Hypericum perforatum) - This shrubby plant has bright yellow flowers on upright, branching stems. St. Johnswort is said to have antidepressant qualities, as well as acting as a sedative and anti-inflammatory. Starts easily from seed, but prefers a sunny location with average soil. Once established, requires no special requirements. Height - 15 to 20 inches. Perennial.

TANSY (Tanacetum vulgare) - A tea brewed from the leaves of the tansy plant can be sprayed on other plants to help repel insects, and if the leaves are placed near doorways and windows, may help deter ants and mice. If placed in the compost pile, will add potassium to it. Potentially toxic; should not be taken internally. Do not use at all during pregnancy. Height - 2-3 feet. Perennial.

TARRAGON, RUSSIAN (Artemisia dracunculoides) - The flavor of Russian tarragon improves as the plant matures. The leaves of the tarragon plant makes a wonderful vinaigrette, as well as adding flavor to fish, soups and roasted chicken, and is a good source of both vitamins A & C. Tarragon prefers a sunny, well drained location. Height - 2 to 3 feet. Perennial.

THYME, ENGLISH (Thymus vulgaris) - The universal herb! Use freely on red meat, poultry, or fish as well as in flavoring sauces, stews, or soups. A medicinal tea made with thyme and sweetened with honey may help colds and sore throats. Start the seeds indoors 8 weeks before the last spring frost, transplanting to a sunny, but well drained location, outside. Harvest the leaves prior to flowering for maximum flavor. Height - 12 inches. Hardy perennial.

VALERIAN (Valeriana officinalis) - Valerian is a tall plant, topped in summer with clusters of sweet scented white, pink, or lavender flowers. The roots of the plant can be used to relieve nervous tension, anxiety, insomnia and pain, as well as in a cream to help treat acne or skin rashes. Valerian is easily grown in a sunny garden, and will self seed readily. Height -2 to 5 feet. Perennial.

WILD BERGAMOT (Monarda fistulosa) - The bright lavender blossoms of the wild bergamot plant are edible and can be used in salads or as a garnish. The plants are also beneficial in attracting bees and hummingbirds to your garden. A medicinal tea made with the leaves may help improve digestion or ease the symptoms of a cold. Wild bergamot is an easy to grow herb, that prefers a sunny location with good drainage. Height - 36-48 inches. Perennial.

WINTER SAVORY (Satureja montana) - Winter savory prefers a sunny location with good drainage; thrives in dry, sandy soil. Height - 6-12 inches. Perennial.

YARROW, COMMON (Achillea millefolium) - The delicate, white flowers of the common yarrow plant grow in clusters atop the tall flower stalks. A natural for meadow gardens, but also spreads to make a delightful ground cover. The crushed flower tops and leaves, when topically applied, stops minor bleeding, and may act as a wound healer. Prefers a sunny location, but will tolerate light shade. Height - 1 to 3 feet. Perennial.


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