Terra Viva Organics
The fall is the perfect
time to plant garlic in your garden. Compared to spring-planted
garlic, fall garlic produces larger bulbs, matures earlier,
and often has fewer disease problems. Additionally,
certain types of garlic, mainly the hard-neck types
like Rocambole, will not mature in time from a spring
Of the three
types of garlic, soft-neck garlic is the type most often
found in supermarkets. It stores for a number of months
and can be braided into attractive hangings. Alternatively,
hard-neck types store for a much shorter time but have
a much more pungent flavour. Elephant garlic, a member
of the leek family, is an extremely mild-flavoured garlic.
The individual cloves can often be 2 inches wide and
are great for roasting. In areas where summers are cool
and damp, elephant garlic is an excellent choice.
In the springtime, when the green tips
start to emerge, garlic should be side-dressed with fertilizer
again. Place the fertilizer 2 inches away from the row
and lightly scratch it into the soil. During the growing
season, keep garlic evenly watered. If this is not possible,
keep a mulch on the soil around the plants to help conserve
water in between waterings.
before planting, separate each of the cloves from
the main bulb, keeping the skin on.
a high phosphorus fertilizer like Flower
Power down the row.
the cloves 2 inches deep, pointy-side up, 4 inches
garlic should be planted 10 inches apart to ensure
that the plants have enough room.
types of garlic usually send up flowering heads. Although
beautiful, these heads should be removed as they drain
energy from the bulbs. The heads can be added to stir-fries
for a mild garlic taste. For more information on recipes
and using garlic, try the Garlic
tops turn yellow, stop watering and allow the bulbs
to cure in the soil for 2 weeks. Harvest the garlic
by pulling the whole plant out of the soil, tying the
leaves together, and then place the bulbs on a rack
in a warm, dry spot. Soft-neck garlic can be braided
and hung for long-term storage. The hard-neck types
must be used within 1 or 2 months.
you keep some bulbs aside for replanting! Are you a
garlic lover? See what Mostly
Garlic Magazine has to offer.
tricks to keep your garden producingGardens need not stop producing food
once cold weather comes. Many vegetables are suited to
growing in cooler temperatures and can withstand frosts.
The key to a successful fall/winter garden lies in the
For more information about season extension,
Appropriate Technology Page.
the right variety. Certain varieties of vegetables
have more frost tolerance than others. This is indicated
in the seed catalogues or on the tags in the nursery
containers. For example, not all types of lettuce
can be grown in the fall but Winter Density Romaine
can withstand light frosts.
sure the soil is well drained. Standing water,
not frost is a big problem for fall vegetables. Grow
on raised beds or, if there is no option, in containers.
protective covers. Floating row covers, often
marketed as Reemay or Agrofabric can be draped over
plants to provide 1 to 2 degrees of frost protection.
a cold-frame or cloche. In very cold winter areas,
vegetables can still be grown in a cold frame or under
a plastic cloche.
a mulch. If floating covers or cloches cannot
be used with your plants, a deep mulch of straw is
an excellent insulator.