|Thicket-forming, spreading, deciduous shrub or small tree. Grows 25 to 30 feet tall, very hardy. Glossy, dark green leaves are wedge-shaped and up to 2 1/2 inches long. Stems are sometimes spiny. Yellowish-green, unisexual flowers are borne in axillary clusters. In the fall, bears round, red fruit that turns black, to 1/4 inch across, foliage becomes yellow. Best adapted to cold, dry areas with poor soil. Availability of this species is very limited because it can be weedy when not controlled. Native to Northern China, Manchuria, and Korea.