|When selecting varieties, it is important that you look for a variety that has TM in the name or that is specified as being tobacco mosaic resistant. Peppers, sweet or hot, are tender perennials grown as annuals. Hot peppers have several flowers growing in the angle between the leaf and stem, where sweet or bell-type peppers have only a single flower. American peppers are members of the Solanaceae family along with potatoes, tomatoes and eggplant. Plant peppers when soil temperatures are above 65 degrees. Only hot peppers do well when temperatures are above 90 degrees. Ideal day temperatures are around 75 degrees by day and 62 degrees at night. Though peppers can be grown from seed, they are best planted from transplants. Set out transplants 2 to 3 weeks after the last frost date in your area. Soil should be high in organic matter so that it has moisture holding capacity, but drains readily. As with most vegetables, fertilize midseason, but no more. Over-fertilization will cause all shoot and no fruit growth. Harvest peppers when they are the size you like. Red peppers are merely green peppers that have ripened on the vine. Peppers do very well grown in containers. If you are a smoker, wash your hands prior to working with peppers in the garden. You don't want to spread tobacco mosaic virus. Peppers are not the best vegetable for the organic gardener because they seem to be constantly plagued with insects and disease.