|Nectarines and peaches have basically the same requirements. Nectarine fruits differ from peaches in having smooth skin with no fuzz and a slightly different flavored and textured fruit.
Prunus persica nucipersica, or the common nectarine tree, can be grown in the Southeast, Mid Atlantic, some areas of the Midwest, Great Lakes, California and dry summer areas of the Northwest and Intermountain West. Cultivars developed for differing climates can extend its range somewhat.
Generally, nectarines ripen between June and September. The trees need some winter chilling during the dormant season and also require clear, hot weather during the growing season. In areas with possible late frosts, plant later blooming varieties. Areas with cool and rainy springs, produce trees that set fewer flowers, do not pollinate well and are subject to peach leaf curl. Standard size trees can rapidly grow to 25 feet tall and as wide; properly pruned they can be maintained at 10 to 12 feet. They start bearing fruit at 3 to 4 years old, reaching a peak at about 12 years. Dwarf trees are available. Most nectrines are self fertile. Nectarines are more susceptible than peaches to brown rot of stone fruit.