|Prunus persica, or the common peach tree, can be grown in the Southeast, Mid-Atlantic, some areas of the Midwest, Great Lakes, California and dry summer areas of the Northwest and Intermountain West. Cultivars developed for differing climates can extend its range somewhat.
Generally, peaches ripen between June and September. Peach trees need some winter chilling during the dormant season and also require clear, hot weather during the growing season. In areas with possible late frosts, plant later blooming varieties. Areas with cool and rainy springs, produce trees that set fewer flowers, don't pollinate well and are subject to peach leaf curl.
Standard size trees can rapidly grow to 25 feet tall and as wide; properly pruned they can be maintained at 10 to 12 feet. They start bearing fruit at 3 to 4 years old, reaching a peak at about 12 years. Dwarf trees are available. Most peaches are self fertile.