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( Shortleaf Pine )
|Pinus echinata or Shortleaf Pine can grow to 100 feet tall, though under cultivation it is more likely to be 50 to 60 feet tall. The needles are in bundles of two or three, dark bluish-green. Growth habit is pyramidal with age, opening up with age. The bark is an attractive reddish brown, broken into large irregularly surfaced plates. Cones can persist on the tree for several years, 2 1/2 inches long. Usually found on dry soils, the taproot on this species is quite large, making it difficult to transplant.
Can be subject to pine-tip moth, pine beetle and littleleaf disease. Native to New York, south to Texas and Oklahoma.
This evergreen has a broad, irregular growth habit, often with multiple trunks from ground level. Bark is a beautiful reddish-brown, shoots are whitish-pink and resinous. Leaves are needle-like and bright green. Slender, in pairs, to 5 inches long. Female cones are narrowly oblong, yellow-brown, to 2 1/2 inches long. Handsome pine for informal look. Dwarf and weeping varieties such as 'Pendula' are available.
Pines are one of the most diverse groups of evergreen conifers, over 90 species are distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere.
Although most are large trees, they can take a low growing shrub form. Pines have been very important commercially, in timber production, as well as a variety of other manufactured products such as turpentine and rosin. They tend to be more tolerant of varying soil types and urban environments than either Picea or Abies. Pines tend to develop tap roots, so one should not attempt to transplant them from the wild. All species are grown from seed, with highly variable seed stratification requirements. They can be subject to many diseases, such as damping off, root rot, dieback, blister rust, canker, blight, scale, pine needle miner, pine weevil, bark beetles and pinewood nematode. Well situated plants should be relatively trouble free.
They suffer salt damage along highways and can get tip burn in areas of high sulfur dioxide or ozone.
In general they do not require fertilization, which can cause overgrowth.
Important Info : This tree can reach 100 feet tall, so it may not be appropriate for small properties.
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