|Sequoia sempervirens is a massive conifer, densely branched and pyramidical in youth, with age it loses its lower branches, retaining the pyramidal crown. Under cultivation in the east, it usually reaches 40-60' tall. The bark of this tree has been photographed often, a rich reddish brown, deeply furrowed and ridged, highly textured. Needles remain dark green through the seasons. Branchlets are pendant and held on arching branches. Flowers are inconspicuous, small cones are 3/4-1" long. It prefers moist, well drained, acidic soil, does best in areas with high atmospheric moisture. Not seriously bothered by pests. A definite specimen tree, some smaller cultivars are available. Native to the foggy coastal areas from San Francisco to southern Oregon.