|Aloes are a genus of small to large, rosetted, evergreen perennials, with fleshy, sword to lance-shaped leaves, bearing racemes or panicles of tubular or cylindrical flowers. Sap of crushed leaves is used to treat mild burns and sunburns. Aloe vera, also known as Aloe arabica, Aloe barbadensis, and Aloe indica, is clump-forming and suckering, with basal rosettes of fleshy, gray-green leaves, 18 inches long, grooved above, with pink, toothed margins. Terminal racemes, 36 or more inches tall, with up to 4 branches, are produced in summer, bearing yellow flowers, to 1 1/4 inches long. Grow as a houseplant or under glass, in a soil-based potting mix with added sand or perlite, where temperatures fall below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Water moderately during the growing season, sparingly while dormant. Sow seed at 70 degrees Fahrenheit or separate offsets in late spring and plant in cactus potting mix.