|Ruscus aculeatus is a low growing shrub, forming a neat mound, 2-3' tall. It spreads by suckers and will eventually spread laterally to fill a good space. Unusual plant; leaves are not true leaves, but modified stems called cladodes.
Small white flowers are borne in the center of the cladode. It is a dioecious plant requiring both a male and female in order to set fruit. The berries are 1/2" long, bright red and appear in the center of the cladode, making for a dramatic effect in fall.
It is tolerant of deep shade. Plant has quite a few prickles, it is dried, dyed red, for Christmas decorations. Native to Europe, northern Africa, and Near East.