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Trees

Tree information

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Trees are the most long-lived growing features in any garden. Once they are well established, it is very difficult to move them; pruning them if they become too big is difficult, needing skilled workmanship, and is never a permanent solution to the problems of excessive roots and over-extensive shading that arise.

Since the early 1900's the gardener's problems in tree-planting are much easier by the introduction of new selection, of a wide new range of trees which are of moderate size. These include excellent maples, whitebeams, rowans, cherries and ornamental apples (crabs), as well as birches. Many of these also provide what is wanted in a small area, a tree that has more than one season of interest, such as decorative bark in mid-winter, attractive unfolding foliage in spring followed by a period of flowering, then brightly colored fruit and finally graceful coloring of the leaves before they fall. Trees often have at least two if not three seasons of interest.

Evergreen broad-leaved trees are of particular interest in winter, and many have variegated or colored-leaved forms, and the number available is now greatly increased. All are least satisfactory in towns where air pollution takes away the shine of their foliage.

The same applies to conifers a number of which are of too great a size and too slow growing for gardens, and are seen at their best in forests and pineta.

For road planting and use in smaller gardens narrow (fastigiate) forms of many trees have been selected and are propagated as cultivars. They are also useful in planting on a large scale on account of their beautiful shape. This applies, also to the numerous weeping trees available.

Articles

   Lacebark - Pinus bungeanas

How to

   Cutting Down A Small Tree
   Forcing Branches To Bloom
   Heeling In
   Planting A Bare Root Tree
   Planting A Container Tree
   Planting Ball And Burlap Tree
   Pruning Ornamental Shrubs
   Removing A Large Tree Limb
   Removing A Sucker From A Tree
   Winterizing Small Trees

Links

    Japanese Maples - Acer Palmatum, Acer Japonicum

    How to Plant a Tree
    Planting Techniques for Trees and Shrubs
    Tree Planting Guide

    Transplanting Trees & Shrubs in the Landscape

    Tree Pruning Guide
    How to Prune Trees

    Treelink.org
    The National Arbor Day Foundation
    British Trees
    Canadian Forests
    Identification of Conifers
    National Arborist Association
    SUFA's Tree Care Center
    The Natural History of Trees.
    The Right Tree Handbook
    USDA Forest Service
    WWW Virtual Library: Forestry
    Tree Care 101
    Trees and Shrubs

    Database of Trees

Usage

TREES OF RAPID GROWTH
TREES FREE FROM INSECT PESTS AND DISEASES

TREES FOR THE SEASHORE

SHADE TREES FOR STREETS

TREES FOR DRY, SANDY SOIL*

TREES WHICH THRIVE IN VERY WET SOIL

TREES WHICH WILL FORM GOOD WINDBREAKS

TREES FOR THE SMALL PLACE*

 

 


TREES OF RAPID GROWTH

DECIDUOUS

 
Acer dasycarpurn Silver Maple
Acer Negundo Box Elder
Acer platanoides Norway Maple
Acer rubrurn Red Maple
Ailanthus glandulosa Tree of Heaven
Betula Maximowicziana Monarch Birch
Betula populifolia Gray Birch
Catalpa speciosa Western Catalpa
Fraxinus americana White Ash
Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo
Gleditsia triacanthos Honey Locust
Gymnocladus dioica Kentucky Coffeetree
Larix decidua European Larch
Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip-tree
Magnolia acuminata Cucumber Tree
Magnolia tripetala Umbrella Magnolia
Paulownia tomentosa Empress Tree
Platanus acerifolia London Plane Tree
Populus alba White Poplar
Populus nigra italica Lombardy Poplar
Prunus serotina Black Cherry
Quercus palustris Pin Oak
Robinia Pseudoacacia Black Locust
Salix alba White Willow
Salix vitellina Golden Willow
Sorbus aucuparia European Mountain Ash
Syringa japonica Japanese Tree Lilac
Tilia americana (T. glabra) American Linden
Ulmus americana American Elm
Ulmus glabra Scots Elm
EVERGREEN  
Picea excelsa Norway Spruce
Pinus resinosa Red Pine
Pinus rigida Pitch Pine
Pinus strobus White Pine
Pinus sylvestris Scots Pine

TREES FREE FROM INSECT PESTS AND DISEASES
(Seldom attacked, and not seriously qffected)

DECIDUOUS  
   
Ailanthus glandulosa Tree of Heaven
Cercidiphyllum japonicurn Katsura-Tree
   
Elaeagnus angustifolia Russian Olive
Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo
Gleditsia triacanthos Honey Locust
Gymnocladus dioica Kentucky Coffeetree
Halesia carolina Silverbell Tree
Koelreuteria paniculata Goldenrain Tree
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgurn
Magnolia (all species) Magnolia
Nyssa sylvatica Sourgurn
Oxydendrum arboreurn Sourwood
   
Phellodendron (all species) Cork Tree
   
Sophora japonica Chinese Scholar-Tree
   
EVERGREEN  
   
Pseudotsuga taxifolia Douglas Fir
Sciadopitys verticillata Umbrella Pine
Tsuga (all species) Hemlock

TREES FOR THE SEASHORE
(Will withstand strong wind)

   
DECIDUOUS  
   
Acer pseudoplatanus Sycamore Maple
Acer rubrum. Red Maple
Betula papyrifera Paper Birch
Carpinus betulus European Hornbearn
Carpinus caroliniana American Hornbearn
Cratxgus oxyacantha English Hawthorn
Gleditsia triacanthos Honey Locust
Platanus occidentalis American Plane Tree
Populus alba White Poplar
Populus balsamifera Carolina Cottonwood
Populus tremuloides Quaking Aspen
Prunus maritima Beach Plum
Prunus serotina Black Cherry
Quercus borealis (Q. rubra) Red Oak
Quercus laurifolia Laurel Oak
Quercus virginiana Live Oak
Salix alba White Willow
Sassafras varfifolium. Sassafras
   
EVERGREEN  
   
Juniperus horizontalis Creeping Juniper
Juniperus virginiana Red Cedar
Pinus montana Swiss Mountain Pine
Pinus nigra Austrian Pine
Pinus pinaster Cluster Pine
Pinus rigida Pitch Pine
Pinus thunbergi Japanese Black Pine

SHADE TREES FOR STREETS
(Will withstand restricted city conditions)

Acer Ginnala (for Narrow Street) Amur Maple
Acer platanoides Norway Maple
Acer pseudoplatanus Sycamore Maple
Acer saccharum (North) Sugar Maple
Acer tataricurn Tatarian Maple
Catalpa speciosa Western Catalpa
Celtis occidentalis (Mid-west) Hackberry
Crataegus oxyacantha (Narrow Street) English Hawthorn
Crataegus cordata (Narrow Street) Washington Thorn
Crus-galli (Narrow Street) Cockspur Thorn
Fraxinus americana White Ash
Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo
Kcelreuteria paniculata (Narrow Street) Goldenrain Tree
Liquidambar styraciflua (South) Sweetgurn
Magnolia grandiflora (South) Magnolia
Populus alba Bolleana (Narrow Street) White Poplar
Populus nigra italica (Narrow Street) Lombardy Poplar
Platanus acerifolia London Plane Tree
Quercus borealis (Q. rubra) Red Oak
Quercus coccinea Scarlet Oak
Quercus falcata (South) Spanish Oak
Quercus laurifolia (South) Laurel Oak
Quercus macrocarpa Mossycup Oak
Quercus palustris Pin Oak
Quercus Phellos Willow Oak
Quercus velutina Black Oak
Quercus virginiana (South) Live Oak
Sophora japonica Chinese Scholar-Tree
Syringa japonica (Narrow Street) Japanese Tree Lilac
Tilia cordata Littleleaf European Linden
Tilia glabra (T. americana) American Linden, Basswood
Tilia vulgaris European Linden
Ulmus americana American Elm
Ulmus. americana ascendens,  
Ulmus var. Augustine Augustine Ascending Elm

TREES FOR DRY, SANDY SOIL*

DECIDUOUS  
   
Acer campestre Hedge Maple
Acer Ginnala Amur Maple
Acer Negundo Box Elder
Acer tataricum Tatarian Maple
Ailanthus glandulosa Tree of Heaven
Betula alba European White Birch
Betula Maximowicziana Monarch Birch
Betula populifolia Gray Birch
Carya glabra Pignut
Populus alba White Poplar
Populus grandidentata Largetooth Aspen
Populus tremuloides Quaking Aspen
Prunus cerasus Sour Cherry
Prunus serotina Black Cherry
Ptelea trifoliata Wafer Ash, Hop Tree
Quercus coccinea Scarlet Oak
Robinia Pseudoacacia Black Locust
   
EVERGREEN  
   
Juniperus chinensis Chinese Juniper
Juniperus virginiana Red Cedar
Picea alba Canadian Spruce
Picea excelsa Norway Spruce
Pinus montana Swiss Mountain Pine
Pinus rigida Pitch Pine
Pinus strobus White Pine
Pinus sylvestris Scots Pine
   
* In these lists of trees, scientific names appear in the left-hand column and the corresponding common names in the right-hand column.  

TREES WHICH THRIVE IN VERY WET SOIL

DECIDUOUS  
   
Acer dasycarpurn. Silver Maple
Acer Negundo Box Elder
Acer rubrurn. Red Maple
Alnus glutinosa European Alder
Betula lutea Yellow Birch
Betula nigra River Birch
Betula populifolia Gray Birch
Carpinus caroliniana American Hornbeam
Carya ovata Shagbark Hickory
Fraxinus caroliniana Water Ash
Fraxinus lanceolata Green Ash
Gleditsia aquatica Water Locust
Larix americana American Larch
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgum
Magnolia glauca Sweet Bay
Nyssa sylvatica Sourgum, Tupelo
Platanus occidentalis Buttonwood
Populus balsamifera Carolina Cottonwood
Populus grandidentata Largetooth Aspen
Quercus bicolor Swamp White Oak
Quercus palustris Pin Oak
Quercus Phellos Willow Oak
   
Salix alba White Willow
Salix babylonica Weeping Willow
Salix fragilis Brittle Willow
Salix nigra Black Willow
Salix pentandra Laurel Willow
Salix vitellina Golden Willow
Taxodium distichurn Bald Cypress
Tilia americana (T. glabra) American Linden
   
EVERGREEN  
   
Abjes balsamea Balsam Fir
   
Chamxcyparis thyoides White Cedar
Picea mariana Black Spruce
Picea rubra Red Spruce
Thuya occidentalis American Arborvitm
Tsuga canadensis Hemlock

TREES WHICH WILL FORM GOOD WINDBREAKS

DECIDUOUS  
   
Acer Ginnala Amur Maple
Acer Negundo Box Elder
Cratxgus mollis Downy Hawthorn
Maclura pornifera Osage Orange
Morus alba White Mulberry
Populus alba White Poplar
Populus balsamifera Balsam Poplar
Quercus palustris Pin Oak
   
EVERGREEN  
   
Juniperus virginiana Red Cedar
Picea alba Canadian Spruce
Picea excelsa Norway Spruce
Picea rubra Red Spruce
Pinus nigra Austrian Pine
Pinus ponderosa Western Yellow Pine
Pinus resinosa Red Cedar
Pinus rigida Pitch Pine
Pinus Strobus White Pine
Pinus sylvestris Scots Pine
Pinus thunbergi Japanese Black Pine
Thuya occidentalis American Arborvitoe
Tsuga canadensis Hemlock

TREES FOR THE SMALL PLACE*

  HEIGHT SPREAD
     
Acer campestre 30 to 40 ft 40 to 50 ft
    English Maple, HedgeMaple    
Betula alba (B. pendula) 50 to 60 ft. 25 to 30 ft.
    White Birch    
Cornus florida 15 to 25 ft 12 to 18 ft.
    Flowering Dogwood    
Cornus Kousa 15 to 20 ft 15 to 18 ft.
    Japanese Dogwood    
Cratmgus oxyacantha 12 to 15 ft 12 to 15 ft
 English Hawthorn    
Ginkgo biloba 100 to 125 ft. 40 to 50 ft.
    Maidenhair Tree    
Gleditsia triacanthos inermis 100 to 125 ft. 30 to 40 ft.
moraine
    Moraine Locust    
Gordonia alatamaha 15 to 20 ft. 12 to 15 ft.
    Franklinia Tree    
Halesia carolina 20 to 30 ft. 25 to 30 ft.
    Silverbell Tree    
Koelreuteria paniculata 20 to 30 ft 20 to 30 ft.
    Goldenrain Tree    
Liquidambar styraciflua 70 to 90 ft 35 to 40 ft.
    Sweetgum    
Magnolia kobus 15 to 25 ft 15 to 18 ft.
    Kobus Magnolia    
Magnolia soulangeana 20 to 30 ft 15 to 25 ft
    Saucer Magnolia    
Magnolia stellata 12 to 15 ft. 12 to 15 ft.
    Star Magnolia    
Malus floribunda 20 to 25 ft. 20 to 25 ft.
    Flowering Crabapple    
Oxydendrum arboreum 20 to 30 ft. 12 to 18 ft
    Sourwood, Sorrel Tree    
Pinus nigra 80 to 90 ft. 30 to 35 ft.
    Austrian Pine    
Prunus subhirtella 25 to 30 ft. 15 to 20 ft.
    Japanese Flowering Cherry    
Sorbus aucuparia . 30 to 35 ft 20 to 25 ft
    Mountain Ash    
Styrax japonica 20 to 25 ft. 15 to 25 ft.
    Snowbell Tree    
Syringa japonica 20 to 25 ft. 12 to 20 ft.
    Japanese Tree Lilac    
Ulmus americana ascendens, var. A ugustine  80 to 90 ft. 20 to 25 ft

    Augustine Ascending Elm
.
     



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