Red and purple foliage trees
Placing trees of these colors needs great
care, but their colors mingled with the multitude of
others in autumn are effective and of great beauty,
they do not blend well with the normal greens, particularly
if used in quantity. They should therefore be used sparingly
in isolation at points where they will inevitably catch
A number have clear colors when the leaves
unfold but gradually lose this quality and become sombre
as the season progresses. Others, not included here,
become normal green when the leaves are open.
ACER PLATANOIDES `Crimson King' (`Goldsworth
Purple'), a Norway maple with crimson-purple leaves
larger than the type.
BETULA PENDULA PURPUREA The purple-leaved
birch is not a vigorous tree.
CORYLUS MAXIMA PURPUREA The purple-leaved
filbert is a good color though not often of tree size.
FAGUS SYLVATICA ATROPUNICEA The dark purple
beech, cuprea copper beech; and purpurea, purple beech,
are all well-known, reliable trees reaching a considerable
size and quite unsuitable for other than the '.largest
garden. Weeping forms of these colored variants are
Cedrus atlantica glauca is a graceful
conifer with glaucous blue leaves.
MALUS The flowering crabs provide several
kinds with red or purple foliage combined with gay flowers
and decorative fruits. All are very hardy and adaptable,
well suited to a small garden; M. x aldenhamensis,
purplish leaves, rich red flowers and crimson fruit.
M. eleyi is rather more vigorous than the last, the
leaves bronze-green flushed with purple, the fruit hanging
longer on the tree. M. purpurea has dark purplishgreen
leaves, crimson flowers and fruits, both tinged with
purple. M. `Wisley Crab', larger than the foregoing
in all its parts, the leaves bronzy-red, the flowers
large, wine colored, scented and large deep-red fruits.
PRUNUS Several plums have colored leaves,
the best including P. blireana (often a large shrub)
deep copper with pink flowers. P. cerasifera atropurpurea,
better known as P. pissardii, with crimson-purple leaves,
suitable also for hedging; nigra has darker leaves.
QUERCUS PETRAEA PURPUREA Has reddish-purple
leaves which become green flushed with red. Q. robur
fastigiata purpurea has young leaves the same color.