Gardening and Fall Planting for
Fall planting must begin in earnest
now. The finer perennials that are planted this month will provide strong root
growth and give early spring flowers.
Delphiniums and Campanulas are very striking and even though they grow for only one
season from two-year plants, they are worth the trouble and expense
Columbines (Aquilegias), on the
other hand, increase and multiply year after year. The long-spurred types are
especially good. In shaded spots along the Azalea beds, where there is moisture
fog breath-taking beauty, colonize Virginia Cowslips (Mertensia virginica). The
plants die down after the bloom is over and never need cultivation so with
Azalea: is an ideal place to use them.
Native plants, Trilliums of all
kinds, blue Lobelias, Forget-me-nots, Potentillas Creeping Ranunculus, both
single and double, also need shade and moisture for their development. These
Forget-me-nots, Potentillas and Ranunculus make fine ground covers and add
beauty to wide areas where grass will not grow.
Aster Star of Warburg is
one of the finest of the early perennials and come into flower along with all
the Dianthus, Carnations and Anthemis. Plant these and Sweet Williams now.
Bugle (Ajuga reptans) lend
strong blue color notes to the spring flower theme. Tradescantia, the old
fashioned Spider wort, now comes in hybrids of white and rose, mauve and
purples with azure and sapphire blues. They grow into large clumps which bloom
continuously for months. Give them room.
Coral Bells (Heucheras) are
hardy and permanent. The low growing clumps of leaves are evergreen and
increase from year to year. Planted in masses, the delicate flowers stand well
above the foliage and are particularly attractive in the pal pink of Heuchera
brizoides, the coral red of ‘Pluie de Fen’, the fine pink of ‘Rosamundi’, the
pure white of ‘Perry White’ and the rich red of ‘Sanguinea’. All of these are
good rockery plants.
Anchusas of the taller types
make strong, heavy clumps and the low growing Myosotidiflora is a charming
edging or low growing mass. Veronicas also give blue shades and are needed with
the gold of Anthemis and the everblooming Hemeroeallis hybrids. Order your
perennial for planting now.
Violets are essential for color
and fragrance. ‘Royal Robe’ and ‘Purple Giant’ are two fine new ones. These
Violets in this southern climate increase so rapidly a few plants will be all
that are needed. Do not plant them near Azaleas because Violets are hosts of
red spiders which infest these plants during the summer months. Also keep them
away from Boxwoods.
Annual seeds must be sown at
once. Cornflowers and Larkspurs, California Poppies, in all colors available,
double and single, should be planted as early as possible. Use Larkspurs and
Cornflowers for background planting, giving them much room and full sun. Other
annuals to be seeded are Chinese Forget-me-nots, (Cynoglossum), Candytufts,
Godetias, Clarkias, Lupines and Calendulas with annual Pinks.
Virginian Stocks, Baby Blue
Eyes (Nemophila insignis), Baby Snapdragons (Linarias), and Babysbreath are
especially good for edging and masses of pastel tints. These fill in wherever
low masses of soft color can be used. In the fall, these seeds were scattered
over a rock garden so new and raw that the small perennials did not hide the
rocks. Those baby annuals simply covered them with foliage and in March, April,
May and June made an exquisite symphony that pleased all who saw them. Do not
fail to plant these seeds now. They are so inexpensive and so easily grown that
they can be used very freely.
Phlox drummondi in separate
colors is another “must have” for spring flowering. Seeds are scarce but if you
had them last year they will need no replanting. Just keep the off colors
rooted out and the masses will come true year after year.
Roses now blooming in practical
munificence-Teas, Hybrid Teas, Australians, Floribundas, and Polyanthas with
the everblooming Climbers equally beautiful-make glorious displays. There are
also Chrysanthemums of many kinds, Dahlias, Asters, late summer annuals,
Lobelias in rich scarlet with the fragrance of Tea Olives, Loquats and
Oleasters drifting on each passing breeze. Vines of Clematis paniculata are
clouds of white flowers and the rosy racemes of the Antigonons, contrast with
the fine large blooms of the velvety, deep blue Brazilian Morning Glories. The
soft lavender and mauve of the Argentine Morning Glories adds another note to
the garden theme.
Surely October is a wonderfully
interesting and beautiful month.