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( Swiss Stone Pine )
|Pinus cembra has needles in groups of 5, 2 to 3 inches long, dark green. This is a fairly large tree, up to 70 feet tall, spread is 15 to 25 feet wide.
It is extremely upright in youth, opens with age, producing spreading, drooping branches. A slow growing pine, requiring well-drained, loamy soil and full sun. The cones are 2 to 3 inches long, violet at first, turning brown with age. A handsome specimen tree.
Native to central Europe, and southern Asia.
Pines are one of the most diverse groups of evergreen conifers, over 90 species are distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere.
Although most are large trees, they can take a low-growing shrub form. Pines have been very important commercially, in timber production, as well as a variety of other manufactured products such as turpentine and rosin. They tend to be more tolerant of varying soil types and urban environments than either Picea or Abies. Pines tend to develop tap roots, so one should not attempt to transplant them from the wild. All species are grown from seed with highly variable seed stratification requirements. They can be subject to many diseases, such as damping off, root rot, dieback, blister rust, canker, blight, scale, pine needle miner, pine weevil, bark beetles and pinewood nematode. Well situated plants should be relatively trouble free.
They suffer salt damage along highways and can get tip burn in areas of high sulfur dioxide or ozone.
Important Info : This is a large tree, up to 70 feet, not necessarily suited to small gardens.
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