|Tilia caroliniana is a large dense, rounded tree. Growth habit is pyramidal in youth, dense and rounded in maturity. Gray brown bark has ridges and furrows on mature specimens. Foliage is shiny, dark green, paler and hairy beneath. Fragrant yellow flowers are borne on hanging 2 to 3 inch cymes in early to mid summer. This species tolerates air pollution more than other Tilias, and is often used as a boulevard tree. Excellent shade tree for large areas, can also be pruned into a hedge. Native to Europe, cultivated since ancient times. Many cultivars are available.