|Eriobotrya japonica, or the Loquat, is a large evergreen shrub or tree, reaching 15 to 25 feet tall. Habit is rounded, broad and spreading. Leaves are evergreen, simple, alternate, 6 to 9 inches long, upper leaves shiny, dark green, lower surfaces covered in gray-brown hairs. Suited to warm climates. The flowers are small, white, fragrant, borne on 3 to 6 inches long, held in stiff panicles. They can appear anytime between September to January in the southern areas of the United States.
It produces an edible fruit, the loquat, which is a pear shaped, yellow pome that ripens between late spring to early summer, only in warmer areas of the South. It likes moist, well drained soil, but can tolerate some drought and alkalinity. Overfertilizing can contribute to fireblight. Native to China and Japan, introduced in 1784.