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Eranthis
( Winter Aconite )

This 7 species genus is made up of clump-forming perennials that are grown for their cup-shaped flowers. Leaves are yellow-green and oval with a definate slit at the end and are in whorls around the stem. Wonderful as a ground cover beneath trees and shrubs that are deciduous. Soil should be rich and well drained, but never dry. Sun.


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Characteristics
Cultivar: n/a  
Family: Ranunculaceae  
Size: Height: 2 ft. to 3 ft.
Width: 1 ft. to 1 ft.  
Plant Category: perennials,  
Plant Characteristics: spreading,  
Foliage Characteristics: medium leaves,  
Foliage Color: green, yellow-green to gold,  
Flower Characteristics: old fashioned/heritage, single,  
Flower Color: yellows,  
Tolerances: slope,  
Requirements
Bloomtime Range: Mid Winter to Late Winter  
USDA Hardiness Zone: 4 to 9  
AHS Heat Zone: Not defined for this plant  
Light Range: Sun to Sun  
pH Range: 5.5 to 8.5  
Soil Range: Some Sand to Clay Loam  
Water Range: Normal to Moist  

Plant Care



Fertilizing
How-to : Fertilization for Annuals and Perennials

Annuals and perennials may be fertilized using: 1.water-soluble, quick release fertilizers; 2. temperature controlled slow-release fertilizers; or 3. organic fertilizers such as fish emulsion. Water soluble fertilizers are generally used every two weeks during the growing season or per label instructions. Controlled, slow-release fertilizers are worked into the soil ususally only once during the growing season or per label directions. For organic fertilizers such as fish emulsion, follow label directions as they may vary per product.

Light
Conditions : Full Sun

Full Sun is defined as exposure to more than 6 hours of continuous, direct sun per day.

Watering
Conditions : Moist and Well Drained

Moist and well drained means exactly what it sounds like. Soil is moist without being soggy because the texture of the soil allows excess moisture to drain away. Most plants like about 1 inch of water per week. Amending your soil with compost will help improve texture and water holding or draining capacity. A 3 inch layer of mulch will help to maintain soil moisture and studies have shown that mulched plants grow faster than non-mulched plants.

Planting
How-to : Planting Perennials

Determine appropriate perennials for your garden by considering sun and shade through the day, exposure, water requirements, climate, soil makeup, seasonal color desired, and position of other garden plants and trees.

The best times to plant are spring and fall, when soil is workable and out of danger of frost. Fall plantings have the advantage that roots can develop and not have to compete with developing top growth as in the spring. Spring is more desirable for perennials that dislike wet conditions or for colder areas, allowing full establishment before first winter. Planting in summer or winter is not advisable for most plants, unless planting a more established sized plant.

To plant container-grown plants: Prepare planting holes with appropriate depth and space between. Water the plant thoroughly and let the excess water drain before carefully removing from the container. Carefully loosen the root ball and place the plant in the hole, working soil around the roots as you fill. If the plant is extremely root bound, separate roots with fingers. A few slits made with a pocket knife are okay, but should be kept to a minimum. Continue filling in soil and water thoroughly, protecting from direct sun until stable.

To plant bare-root plants: Plant as soon as possible after purchase. Prepare suitable planting holes, spread roots and work soil among roots as you fill in. Water well and protect from direct sun until stable.

To plant seedlings: A number of perennials produce self-sown seedlings that can be transplanted. You may also start your own seedling bed for transplanting. Prepare suitable planting holes, spacing appropriately for plant development. Gently lift the seedling and as much surrounding soil as possible with your garden trowel, and replant it immediately, firming soil with fingertips and water well. Shade from direct sun and water regularly until stable.

Problems
Pest : Slugs and Snails

Begin looking for slugs and snails so that you may set traps.

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