|Fall fruit is abundant, a small, dark purple drupe eaten by birds. Adaptable to a range of soils. Native from Pennsylvania to Indiana, south to Florida and Texas.
Vigorous, upright then spreading, deciduous tree with spiny thick stems and suckers. The large, 2 pinnate dark green, oval leaves have 80 or more leaflets. Leaves will turn purple or orange in the fall. Bears small white flowers in panicle-like umbels to 24 inches long, followed by spherical black fruit.
When locating in the garden, select a place that provides protection from the wind. This plant thrives on neglect and new shoots need to be controlled, but excellent in rugged, non formal areas. Not well suited near swimming pool or walk where spines may prick the unsuspecting passerby.