July Gardening To do list

cidergum

July Gardening

To Do List

December gardening

Zone 1

  • Reap herbs for maximum flavor by harvesting

    them as the first flower buds appear

  • Lanky annuals need your help! Pinch them back

    now to encourage bushy growth and more flowers.

  • Don’t forget watering chores: potted plants,

    especially, dry out quickly in warm weather

  • Set out warm season vegetables and annuals
  • Harvest veggies as soon as they’re ripe to

    encourage further production

  • Avoid weed-infested gardens: weed before you

    leave on vacation

  • Mulching around trees prevents mower damage

    and weed whacker blight

  • The best time to cut flowers for vases? Early

    in the day when stems are firm and water filled.

  • Maintain a thick layer (3 to 4 inches) of

    mulch on flower and vegetable gardens. It conserves

    moisture, reduces weeds, and adds organic matter

    to the soil.

  • Deadhead the faded roses you haven’t cut by

    taking off the spent flower stems down to a

    five-leaflet leaf

Zone 2

  • Create your own gardener’s gold! Start a compost

    pile.

  • Now that temperatures have warmed, plant summer-flowering

    bulbs and tubers

  • Sow biennial seeds (hollyhocks, English daisies,

    foxgloves, violas, Canterbury bells, and sweet

    William) for flowers next year

  • Tall flowers, such as lupines and foxgloves,

    need staked support against the wind

  • To maintain freshness, cool fruits and veggies

    (except tomatoes) as quickly as possible after

    harvest

  • Relax — there’s no need to fertilize the

    lawn in midsummer

  • Harvest veggies regularly; avoid rotting produce

    that attracts insects and reduces yields

  • Cut stems of annual herbs just above a pair

    of leaves, allowing 4 to 6 inches of plant to

    remain for regrowth and additional harvest

  • Leave the larvae on dill and carrots for beautiful

    fall butterflies

  • Note the native plants in bloom this month

    and include them in your own wildflower garden

Zone 3

  • Now’s the time to start seeds of cool-season

    vegetables for fall growing

  • Rogue out (remove) virus-infected plants from

    the garden and control leaf-hopping insects

    to prevent virus spread

  • By pruning off faded blooms from annuals,

    you can prevent seed formation and coax additional

    flowers

  • Mulch flowerbeds with dried grass clipping

    or compost to maintain moisture and reduce weeds

  • Save maintenance and water by allowing perennial

    rye and Kentucky blue grass lawns to go dormant

    during the summer

  • Raspberries are ripe when they pull readily

    from the central core

  • Prune water sprouts (upright, vigorous shoots)

    from apple trees

  • Avoid deep cultivation around shallow rooted

    trees and shrubs such as evergreens

  • Add a water-soluble fertilizer to hanging

    baskets and patio pots every 2 weeks to keep

    plants blooming their best

  • Cut flowers for drying at their prime or when

    just opening

Zone 4

  • Add one last planting of gladioli bulbs for

    flowers into fall

  • Harvest veggies as soon as they’re ripe to

    encourage further production

  • Avoid the sight of a weed-infested garden:

    weed first before you leave on vacation

  • Harvest sweet corn when silks are brown and

    punctured kernels produce a milky juice

  • Prevent blossom-end rot on tomatoes by providing

    plants with at least an inch of water each week

  • Let melons ripen on the vine–this is where

    they will develop their best flavor

  • Start fall garden transplants from seed
  • Petunias, coleus and other summer annuals

    might be leggy by now. Pinch them back just

    above a leaf to encourage bushy growth and more

    flowers

  • Leave faded flowers on those plants that form

    ornamental seed heads, pods, or berries

  • Provide water in a shallow pan or birdbath

    for your feathered and fluttering friends

Zone 5

  • Remove annuals with stunted or unusual color;

    these are usually virus infected and the disease

    can spread to neighboring healthy plants

  • To control disease on fruit trees, maintain

    a summer spray schedule

  • Clean hummingbird feeders filled with nectar

    solution regularly to ward off mold and bacteria

  • Consider drip irrigation and/or soaker hoses

    for watering in the flowerbed and vegetable

    garden

  • Bats help control mosquitoes; attract these

    friendly mammals with bat houses

  • Muskmelons and cantaloupes are ready for picking

    when the stem “slips” easily from

    the fruit with gentle pressure

  • Harvest veggies as soon as they’re ripe to

    encourage additional production

  • Sharp mower blades prevent leaf blade damage

    and lawn stress

  • Prevent diseases on susceptible rose varieties:

    apply fungicide every 7-10 days

  • Lanky annuals need your help! Pinch them back

    now to encourage bushy growth and more flowers

 

Zone 6

  • Deadhead blooming annuals and perennials for

    repeat flowering

  • Harvest veggies immediately when ripe; rotting

    produce attracts insects

  • Avoid weed-infested gardens: weed before you

    leave on vacation

  • Water hanging baskets and patio pots daily

    during warm weather

  • Fertilize annual flowerbeds with an all-purpose

    fertilizer to encourage more blooms

  • Harvest lavender stems for use in bath sachets

    or drying

  • Sharp shears make quick work of herb and flower

    harvests

  • Mow cool season grasses at 3 inches during

    the summer to shade and insulate the soil

  • Enjoy a glass of tea flavored with mint, pineapple

    sage, or lemon balm from the garden

  • Provide birds and butterflies with a shallow

    water source

Zone 7

  • Remove faded flowers from perennials after

    they finish blooming. Deadheading redirects

    energy towards healthy roots.

  • Maintain a 3 to 4 inch mulch layer around

    trees and shrubs to protect them from mower

    and weed whacker damage.

  • Check plants regularly for insect problems;

    hand pick or use suitable control measures if

    found

  • Fertilize warm-season grasses
  • Plant butterfly nectar and larval food plants

    such as asclepias, buddleia, and passionflower

  • Replace spent annuals with heat-tolerant lantana,

    verbena, pentas, and hibiscus

  • Consider drip irrigation and/or soaker hoses

    as efficient watering alternatives

  • Harvest raspberries and blackberries daily

    to avoid attracting insects to overripe fruit

  • Prune water sprouts from apple trees
  • Water flowerbeds and vegetable gardens deeply.

    This encourages a deep root system

 

Zone 8

  • Start basil seedlings for a fall herb garden

  • Mow warm-season grasses at a height of 2.5

    to 3 inches; apply at least an inch of water

    a week

  • Prevent rose diseases with a fungicide spray

    program

  • For longest vase life, harvest cut flowers

    just as they begin to open and condition them

    in floral preservative

  • Fertilize container plants every two weeks

    with a water-soluble fertilizer solution for

    best bloom

  • Keep annuals in bloom by removing faded flowers
  • Bats help control mosquitoes; attract these

    friendly mammals with bat houses

  • Help trees survive the heat by mulching heavily

    over the root system–avoid mulch too close

    to the trunk

  • Water your garden more efficiently with drip

    irrigation or soaker hoses

  • Save space in the garden with trellises, fences,

    and stakes-harvest is easier too

 

Zone 9

  • Cultivate your own tropical paradise going

    by planting palms, bananas, and fruit trees

  • Start tomato transplants for your fall vegetable

    garden

  • A sunny yellow garden of cosmos, sunflowers,

    and zinnias brightens up the summer landscape

  • Mow warm-season grasses at a height of 2.5

    to 3 inches; apply at least an inch of water

    weekly

  • Inspect plants for possible insect pest problems
  • Attract butterflies to the garden by providing

    caterpillar food plants like carrots, dill,

    and parsley

  • Beat the heat with durable annuals like zinnia,

    sunflower, and celosia

  • Hibiscus makes a great addition to hanging

    baskets, patio pots, or flowerbeds

  • Clean hummingbird feeders regularly to prevent

    mold and bacteria growth

  • Get the most from garden space by installing

    trellises and stakes for plants to grow up on–harvest

    is easier too

 

Zone 10

  • Start tomato seedlings for your fall garden;

    consider container varieties for your patio

  • Remove dying foliage regularly from water

    garden to maintain a healthy pond pH

  • Water gardens and yards early in the morning

    before the wind comes up; apply at least an

    inch of water weekly

  • Remove grass from around trees and shrubs

    and replace with moisture-conserving mulch

  • To build up delicious nutmeats, thoroughly

    water nut trees

  • A mixture of flower colors, sizes and bloom

    times provides butterfly nectar throughout the

    season

  • Plant a variety of basil flavors for a fall

    herb garden

  • Check the filter in your water garden for

    clogs

  • Install drip irrigation in the vegetable garden

    and flowerbeds to water more efficiently

  • Plant morning glory vines to provide nectar

    for hummingbirds

Zone 11

  • Gasping fish at the water garden’s surface

    need additional oxygen from cleaner water

  • Inspect plants regularly for potential pest

    problems

  • Fertilize container plants every 2 weeks with

    a water-soluble fertilizer for best bloom

  • A mixture of flower colors, sizes, and bloom

    times will attract butterflies throughout the

    season

  • Remove grass from the area directly around

    trees and shrubs and replace with moisture conserving

    mulch

  • Keep an eye on the water garden during hot

    spells and provide additional aeration and/or

    mist the water to help cool it

  • Hummingbirds love shrimp plants, four o’clocks,

    and morning glories; include these in your garden

    and you’re sure to have regular visitors

  • Water gardens and yards early in the morning

    before wind levels increase

  • The best time to cut flowers for vases? Early

    in the day when stems are firm and water filled.

  • Lawns should be cut at 2 1/2 to 3 inches;

    mow frequently enough to remove only 1/3 of

    the leaf surface at any one time

 

 


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