April Gardening to do list by hardiness zone

April Gardening

To Do List

December gardening

Zone 1

  • Finish planting bare-root trees, shrubs, roses
  • Prune roses, then apply dormant spray
  • Apply dormant spray to trees and shrubs before

    they leaf out

  • Spade or till garden beds as soon as the soil

    is workable

  • Divide summer- and fall-blooming perennials
  • Feed evergreens, fruit tres, ahrubs, and lawns
  • Sow seeds of cool-season vegetables
  • Sow seeds of hardy perennials outdoors after

    heavy freezes have passed

  • Order summer-flowering bulbs (canna, calla,

    dahlia, gladiolus, elephant ear)

Zone 2

  • Sow seeds of warm-season annuals indoors
  • Water cymbidiums weekly until they bloom
  • Feed cool-season lawns
  • Sow seeds for cool-weather vegetables
  • Sow frost-tolerant perennials indoors
  • Divide and replant summer- and fall-blooming

    perennials

  • Plant bare-root and container roses
  • Prune roses (when temperatures are above freezing)

Zone 3

  • Sow seeds of warm-season annuals indoors
  • Water cymbidiums weekly until they bloom
  • Plant seedlings of cool-weather vegetables
  • Sow frost-tolerant perennials indoors
  • Sow seeds for frost-tolerant perennials
  • Sow seeds for tender perennials
  • Divide and replant summer- and fall-blooming

    perennials

  • Plant bare-root and container roses
  • Uncover roses for spring and apply dormant

    spray

  • Plant balled-and-burlapped, container, and

    bare-root shrubs and vines

  • Plant summer-blooming shrubs and vines
  • Plant frost-tolerant trees

Zone 4

  • Set out cool-season annuals
  • Sow seeds of warm-season annuals
  • Set out summer-flowering bulbs
  • Plant fall-blooming bulbs
  • Plant balled-and-burlapped, container, and

    bare-root fruit trees

  • Apply dormant spray to fruit trees before

    buds swell

  • Spray apples, peaches, and pears that have

    been affected with canker problems

  • Plant, feed, and aerate cool-season lawns

    and loosen thatch

  • Plant bare-root perennial vegetables
  • Plant seedlings of cool-weather vegetables
  • Sow fast-growing warm-season vegetables
  • Sow seeds for frost-tolerant perennials
  • Plant container and bare-root roses
  • Uncover roses for spring and apply dormant

    spray

  • Plant balled-and-burlapped, container, and

    bare-root trees, shrubs and vines

  • Apply dormant spray to trees, shrubs, and

    vines

  • Plant summer-blooming shrubs and vines
  • Plant frost-tolerant trees
  • Plant needle-leafed evergreens

Zone 5

  • Set out cool-season annuals
  • Sow seeds of warm-season annuals
  • Set out summer-flowering bulbs
  • Plant fall-blooming bulbs
  • Plant balled-and-burlapped, container, and

    bare-root fruit trees

  • Apply dormant spray to fruit trees before

    buds swell

  • Spray apples, peaches, and pears that have

    been affected with canker problems

  • Plant cool- and warm-season lawns
  • Plant bare-root perennial vegetables
  • Plant seedlings of cool-weather vegetables
  • Sow fast-growing warm-season vegetables
  • Sow seeds for frost-tolerant perennials
  • Sow seeds for tender perennials
  • Plant container and bare-root roses
  • Uncover roses for spring and apply dormant

    spray

  • Plant balled-and-burlapped, container, and

    bare-root trees, shrubs, and vines

  • Apply dormant spray to trees, shrubs, and

    vines

  • Plant summer-blooming shrubs and vines
  • Plant frost-tolerant trees
  • Plant needle-leafed evergreens

Zone 6

  • Set out cool-season annuals
  • Set out seedlings of warm-season annuals
  • Set out summer-flowering bulbs
  • Plant fall-blooming bulbs
  • Divide and replant crowded winter- and spring-blooming

    bulbs after leaves yellow

  • Plant balled-and-burlapped, container, and

    bare-root fruit trees

  • Spray apples, peaches, and pears that have

    been affected with canker problems

  • Plant permanent ground covers
  • Plant and aerate lawns and loosen thatch
  • Plant bare-root perennial vegetables
  • Plant seedlings of cool-weather vegetables
  • Sow fast-growing warm-season vegetables
  • Sow seeds for frost-tolerant perennials
  • Sow seeds for tender perennials
  • Divide and replant spring-blooming perennials

    after bloom

  • Plant container and bare-root roses
  • Uncover roses for spring and apply dormant

    spray

  • Plant balled-and-burlapped, container, and

    bare-root trees, shrubs, and vines

  • Apply dormant spray to trees, shrubs, and

    vines

  • Plant tender shrubs and vines
  • Plant summer-blooming shrubs and vines
  • Plant frost-tolerant trees
  • Plant needle-leafed evergreens

Zone 7

 

  • Prune winter-flowering shrubs and vines after

    bloom

  • Plant summer- and fall-flowering bulbs
  • Spray for peach leaf curl, peach leaf blight,

    and canker

  • Plant permanent ground covers
  • Plant or repair lawns
  • Plant ornamental grasses
  • Plant bare-root and container roses
  • Plant or transplant warm-season annuals
  • Plant fruit trees
  • Spray dormant fruit trees
  • Prune frost-sensitive fruit trees
  • Feed houseplants that are growing or blooming
  • Plant heat-loving perennials
  • Uncover roses and apply dormant spray
  • Plant ornamental and evergreen trees, shrubs,

    and vines

  • Apply dormant spray to trees, shrubs, and

    vines

  • Prune spring-flowering or tender shrubs and

    vines during or just after bloom

  • Plant vegetable seedlings

Zone 8

  • Set out annuals
  • Plant summer-flowering bulbs
  • Plant balled-and-burlapped and container fruit

    trees

  • Prune frost-sensitive fruit trees
  • Spray for peach leaf curl, peach leaf blight,

    and canker

  • Feed houseplants that are growing or blooming
  • Plant or repair lawns
  • Plant ornamental grasses
  • Plant fall-blooming perennials
  • Prune tender deciduous shrubs and vines
  • Prune spring-flowering shrubs and vines during

    or just after bloom

  • Prune flowering fruit trees during or just

    after bloom

  • Sow seeds for warm-season vegetables
  • Plant seedlings of warm-season vegetables

Zone 9

  • Sow seeds of warm-season annuals
  • Plant fall-flowering bulbs
  • Feed and water cacti or succulents that are

    blooming or actively growing

  • Repot cacti and succulents, if essential,

    once they have finished blooming

  • Prune deciduous and frost-sensitive fruit

    trees (when temperatures are above freezing)

  • Spray for peach leaf curl, peach leaf blight,

    and canker

  • Feed houseplants that are growing or blooming
  • Repair or plant lawns
  • Plant tender and heat-loving perennials
  • Prune spring-flowering shrubs and vines during

    or just after bloom

  • Sow seeds for warm-season vegetables
  • Transplant warm-season vegetable seedlings

Zone 10

  • Plant annuals for summer color
  • Plant fall-blooming bulbs
  • Feed and water cacti and succulents that are

    growing or blooming

  • Spray for peach leaf curl, peach leaf blight,

    and canker

  • Feed houseplants that are growing or blooming
  • Prune spring-flowering shrubs and vines during

    or just after bloom

  • Transplant warm-season vegetable seedlings

Zone 11

  • Sow seeds of summer annuals outdoors or indoors
  • Feed and water cacti and succulents as they

    start growth

  • Set out peppers, tomatoes, eggplant
  • Set out plants of summer annuals
  • Feed and water lawns as growth accelerates
  • Feed and groom house plants as growth recommences
  • Plant gladiolus and dahlias
  • Divide overgrown fall-blooming perennial clumps
  • Clear away scrub growth for fire protection
  • Cut back gift chrysanthemums and transplant

    to garden. Break into individual plants