|There are over 300 species of geraniums. If you have come to this page in search of the common geranium, you should go to the Pelargonium file. True geraniums, or cranesbill, are grow in almost any soil as long as it is not wet. They do best in sun, but will tolerate some degree of shade. Leaves are rounded and lobed, often with 5 points, and are usually fragrant. Many have unique textures, colors, and markings as well. Early summer to fall flowers may be range from white to purple and even blue and are often cup or saucer-shaped. For the most part, cranesbill are long-lived and do not require a lot of care. They are perfect in the perennial border and work well as a ground cover too.