How to grow Lilies
How to grow Lilies
There are many kinds of lilies
with some differences in requirements for growth. By
selecting an assortment varieties the home gardener
can have a succession lily blooms from June through
Growing information on Lilies
SOIL AND SITE: Good
drainage is essential for all lilies. If the soil is
not naturally well drained, gravel should be placed
in the bottom of the bed. The soil must also be granular
and well supplied with plant food nutrients. Some types
of lilies require a damp location. The European Lilies
thrive best in alkaline soil. The American Lilies and
those from Himalaya and Japan seem to prefer acid soil.
Most lilies seem to succeed in full sun, although partial
shade, especially at midday, preserves the colors and
prolongs the flower-ing season. Lilies also want lots
of air around them. They shouldn't be crowded.
PLANTING: The soil should be dug
down to 1 foot and Fertilizer mixed and worked thoroughly
into the soil. Sand, leaf mold, peat moss, or other
material may be needed to adjust the soil, and should.,
be mixed in at this time. In most, sections of the country
the Ameri-can-grown bulbs should go in the soil about
mid-October. The Madonna Lily is usually planted in
August or early Sep-tember. Imported bulbs which arrive
too late in the fall can be planted in heavily mulched
soil or potted up and kept in the cold frame. The size
of bulb, type of soil, and manner of root growth are
all factors in planting. A general rule is to set bulbs
three times their own depth. Bulbs planted in sandy
soils should be 2 inches deeper than in clay soils.
Space small lilies 6 to 7 inches apart and larger ones
1 foot apart.
SUMMER CARE: Keep soil free of
weeds by shallow cultivation. Take care not to break
the tender growth. A summer mulch of leaf mold or peat
moss will keep weeds out, conserve moisture, and keep
the root cooler. If dry weather comes in July or August,
soak the planting down to 6 inches once a week. Feed
Fertilizer Complete Plant Food at least once during
the summer, using 1 pound for each 25 square feet of
bed. Stake when necessary, being care-ful not to drive
the stake through foliage. After blooming, the plants
need the leaves to manufacture food reserves for storage
in the bulb.
GROWING FROM SEED: Lily seeds may
be sown as soon as they are ripe. Sow seeds in cold
frame and allow them to grow until bulbs are formed.
Keep seedlings shaded the first year.
DISEASES: Lily mosaic is a preva-lent
and virulent disease. When it appears on a plant there
is only one thing to do-dig up the plant and burn, thus
keeping it away from healthy plants. This disease is
carried by a virus and a fungi-cide will not give protection.
There are several fungus diseases, such as botrytis
blight that is com-monly found on lilies, which can,
be controlled by regular preven-tive dusting.