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June Gardening To Do List

December gardening

Zone 1
  • Plant lettuce seedlings at intervals of every few weeks
  • Prune and thin out spring-flowering shrubs after bloom is finished
  • After their leaves yellow and dry up, divide and transplant spring bulbs
  • Set out groundcover plants and start lawns
  • Fertilize established lawns
  • Consider container planting for warmth-loving vegetables (eggplant, tomatoes, peppers)
  • Continue to protect tomato seedlings, especially during cold nights
  • Start perennials from seed by sowing in the ground
  • Heat up new compost piles by adding garden soil and compost activator
  • Remove faded flowers from cool-weather annuals to prolong their bloom season
  • Transplant warm-season vegetable seedlings; give them a warm start by planting through mulches of thick plastic
  • Set out cool-weather herbs such as chives and parsley

Zone 2

  • Apply sulfur to control fungus problems on apple trees, roses and grapevines
  • Set out seedlings of warm-season annuals and vegetables
  • Activate and stir compost piles weekly
  • Plant summer-flowering bulbs
  • Pinch off first flower buds on chrysanthemum and carnation plants to coax bigger blooms
  • Set out cool-weather herbs such as chives and parsley
  • After their leaves yellow and dry up, divide and transplant crowded spring bulbs
  • Plant groundcovers
  • Fertilize and aerate established lawns
  • Divide and transplant spring-blooming perennials after they flower
  • Fertilize, prune and thin out spring-flowering shrubs
  • Plant balled-and-burlapped and container trees, shrubs and vines

Zone 3

  • Set out seedlings of warm-season annuals and vegetables
  • Plant summer-flowering bulbs
  • Weed asparagus and strawberry beds
  • Put up trellises or netting for peas, pole beans and flowering vines
  • Divide and replant spring-blooming perennials after the flowers fade
  • Plant container roses
  • Fertilize and aerate lawns
  • Plant balled-and-burlapped and container trees, shrubs and vines
  • Apply sulfur to control fungus problems on apple trees, roses and grapevines
  • Pinch off first flower buds on chrysanthemum and carnation plants to coax bigger blooms
  • Protect cole crops (cabbage, broccoli, kale) from egg-laying cabbage white butterflies with insect barrier cloth
  • After their leaves yellow and dry up, divide and transplant crowded spring bulbs
Zone 4

  • Plant seedlings of warm-season annuals and vegetables
  • Sow seed of fast-growing, heat-loving herbs, vegetables (basil, squash, melons) and flowers (nasturtiums, zinnias) directly in ground
  • Thin out small green fruits on apple, peach and plum trees to one every 6 inches on the branch
  • Dust potato plants to prevent infestations of potato beetle
  • Set up trellises to support pole beans, morning glories and cucumbers
  • Remove newest shoots from geranium plants to encourage fuller plants
  • Plant new lawns and fertilize and aerate established lawns
  • Plant container roses, shrubs and trees in well-amended soil
  • Divide and transplant spring-flowering perennials that have finished blooming
  • Protect cole crops (cabbage, broccoli, kale) from egg-laying cabbage white butterflies with insect-barrier cloth
  • Weed asparagus and strawberry beds
  • Remove new flower buds from chrysanthemums and carnations to coax bigger blooms

Zone 5

  • Divide and transplant spring-flowering perennials that have finished blooming
  • Harden off and plant seedlings of warm-weather vegetables and flowers
  • Thin out small green fruits on apple, peach and plum trees to one every 6 inches on the branch
  • Sow seeds of perennials directly into the ground
  • Dust potato plants to prevent infestations of potato beetle
  • Pinch newest shoots on geranium plants to encourage fuller plants
  • Train your lawn to grow deep roots; Mow often, at a high setting
  • Plant balled-and-burlapped and container shrubs and trees
  • Feed roses as the first flower buds appear; apply fungicide to prevent powdery mildew or blackspot
  • Weed asparagus and strawberry beds
  • Feed young corn plants with high-nitrogen fish emulsion fertilizer
  • Mulch flower and vegetable gardens to conserve water during heat waves

Zone 6

  • Prune vines (spring-blooming clematis and wisteria) after they've flowered
  • Remove spent flowers from spring annuals to stretch the blooming season
  • Mulch flower and vegetable gardens to conserve water during hot spells
  • Plant fall-blooming perennials now
  • Thin out small green fruits on apple, peach and plum trees to one every 6 inches on the branch
  • Sow seeds of perennials directly into the ground
  • Harden off and plant seedlings of warm-weather vegetables and flowers
  • Prune once-blooming roses after they've flowered
  • Continue to spray peach and apple trees to control fungal diseases
  • Plant balled-and-burlapped and container shrubs and trees
  • Lightly prune tips of blackberries and pinch flowers off young grapevines to form and train growth of new canes
  • Fertilize and prune azaleas, lilacs, spirea and rhododendrons after they bloom

Zone 7

  • Replace mulch and aerate soil in permanent potted gardens
  • Remove spent flowers from spring annuals to stretch the blooming season
  • Plant fall-blooming perennials now
  • Prune once-blooming roses after they've flowered this month
  • Trim back vines (spring-blooming clematis and wisteria) after they bloom
  • Begin feeding vegetable plants as they start to flower
  • Continue to spray peach and apple trees to control fungal diseases
  • Plant balled-and-burlapped and container shrubs and trees
  • Lightly prune tips of blackberries and pinch flowers off young grapevines to form and train growth of new canes
  • Set out seedlings of warm-weather vegetables and annuals
  • Sow seeds of heat-loving vegetables (squash, pumpkins, melons) directly into the ground
  • Continue to fertilize roses and treat with fungicide as needed

Zone 8

  • Pinch off flower buds to promote leafier basil plants
  • Fertilize vegetable plants as they begin to bloom
  • Lightly prune tips of blackberries and pinch flowers off young grapevines to form and train growth of new canes
  • Take cuttings from your favorite shrubs when the branch wood hardens slightly
  • Plant seedlings of heat-loving vegetables such as melons, peppers and pumpkins for fall harvests
  • Set out seedlings of late-summer flowering annuals
  • Add a layer of mulch (2-3 inches) around newly planted trees and shrubs
  • Cut back and thin out diseased or spindly branches of spring-flowering shrubs
  • Prune once-blooming roses after they've flowered this month
  • Fill flower garden gaps with larger sizes of summer-blooming annuals
  • Replace mulch and aerate soil in permanent potted gardens
  • Plant fall-blooming perennials now

Zone 9

  • Deep water alkaline-sensitive trees, including Japanese maple and saucer magnolias, and apply an acid fertilizer to prevent alkaline burn
  • Replace mulch and aerate soil of potted plantings
  • Deep soak and fertilize fig and avocado trees; mulch heavily to protect shallow roots
  • Protect trunks of young trees, especially citrus, from sunscald with tree wrap or white latex paint
  • Take cuttings from your favorite shrubs when the branch wood hardens slightly
  • Remove bloomed-out spikes from salvias, pentas and penstemons to prolong their bloom
  • Set out shallow dishes of water and overripe fruit to attract butterflies
  • Plant seedlings of heat-loving vegetables such as melons, peppers and pumpkins for fall harvests
  • Set out seedlings of late-summer flowering annuals
  • Add a layer of mulch (2-3 inches) around newly planted trees and shrubs
  • Spray wilting fuchsias with water and monitor for signs of fuchsia mite
  • Pinch off flower buds to promote leafier basil plants

Zone 10

  • Continue to fertilize summer annuals to encourage bursts of bloom
  • Plant gladioli bulbs every few weeks for successive cut flowers through the summer
  • Harvest vegetables as soon as they reach optimum size
  • Make maximum use of scarce water by drip irrigating, watering early in the day and planting in water-needs zones
  • Trim bloomed-out spikes from salvias, pentas and penstemons to prolong their bloom
  • Remove withered blooms from crape myrtles to spur new flower formation
  • Keep caladiums and coleus in high color by pinching off faded leaves, applying an all-purpose fertilizer and watering consistently
  • Apply beneficial nematodes now to destroy ground-dwelling Japanese beetle grubs
  • Give roses one last feeding for the summer
  • Check moisture levels of potted gardens and new transplants
  • If holes appear in geraniums or petunias, control budworm with Bt; use diatomaceous earth to control earwig damage in dahlias
  • Protect trunks of young trees, especially citrus, from sunscald with tree wrap or white latex paint

Zone 11

  • Plant gladioli bulbs every few weeks for successive cut flowers through the summer
  • If holes appear in geraniums or petunias, control budworm with Bt; use diatomaceous earth to control earwig damage in dahlias
  • Harvest vegetables as soon as they reach optimum size
  • Watch plants for signs of stress (wilting, sunscald) and irrigate as needed with long, deep soaks
  • Apply beneficial nematodes now to destroy ground-dwelling grubs of Japanese beetles
  • Give roses one last feeding for the summer
  • Check moisture levels of potted gardens and new transplants
  • Make maximum use of scarce water by drip irrigating, watering early in the day and planting in water-needs zones
  • Protect trunks of young trees, especially citrus, from sunscald with tree wrap or white latex paint
  • Set out shallow dishes of water and overripe fruit to attract butterflies
  • Keep caladiums and coleus in high color by pinching off faded leaves, applying an all-purpose fertilizer and watering consistently
  • Deep water palm trees and treat with chelated iron if new foliage is pale or yellowed

 

 

 

 


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