Perennial Flower Information
Hosta (Funkia) – Day Lily, Plantain
Lily, Corfu Lily
Two sorts of flowers have
been called Day Lilies-Funkia (or Hosta, as it is sometimes
called) and Hemerocallis. Both are old favorites in
the garden. The flowers of the latter group are orange
and yellow Most of the Funkias are grown for their excellent
foliage which is produced in clumps. The one most commonly
grown in our gardens is the Corfu Lily (F. grandifjora
or subcordata). Its leaves are a glossy light
green color with spikes of pure white Lily-like flowers
It grows about 2 feet high and spreads in a circle about
3 feet across The flowers are very fragrant, appearing
during August and September. The Common Day Lily (F.
ccerulea) grows 1 1/2 feet high, blooms during July,
and has mauve or blue drooping flowers. F. Sieboldiana
is one of the strongest growers in this group. It
is 2 1/2 feet tall, has white flowers tinged with lilac
produced in July and has very large, grayish-green leaves.
There are some of these Plantain Lilies with variegated
foliage, bright green margined in white, of which F.
undulata variegata is one of the best. They keep
on growing, improving every year as the clumps increase
UTILIZE. Funkias are perhaps
most useful in the various kinds of borders. The dwarfer
variegated kinds are used for edging purposes. They
can be used as specimen plants in the lawn, planted
near lakes or streams, or grouped around shrubbery.
Both the foliage and flowers are distinct, beautiful
and attractive wherever planted. Some of them are used
in rock gardens. They are excellent plants for the strip
of soil near the house in the shade which is common-about
most of our homes.
GENERAL. Before planting
the Day Lilies, the ground should be prepared to a good
depth and enriched with manure. They grow best in moderately
rich soil where a good supply of moisture is available.
They will grow either in sunlight or shade, but they
grow best in partial shade, even in the northern exposures,
where very few other plants will grow.
PROPAGATION. The division
of the root clumps is the easiest method of propagating
the Day Lilies. Some produce seeds which grow readily
if planted soon after the seeds ripen.