Fusarium Root Rot (on Beans)

Fusarium Root Rot (on Beans) Description: Slow growth and appearance of red spots or streaks on lower stem and roots. First true leaves prematurely yellow and drop off. Diseased plants often stay alive by producing new roots near the soil surface; however, yield is severely reduced or eliminated. Solution: Minimizing soil compaction is very helpful in reducing fusarium root rot. […]

Angular Leaf Spot (Cucurbits)

Angular Leaf Spot (Cucurbits) Description: Angular to irregular water-soaked spots form in the leaves. When moist, droplets of bacteria ooze from the underside of lesions and dry to a white residue. The lesions later turn gray to brown, dry, and tear away, leaving large irregular holes. The bacterium overwinters in diseased plant refuse and on the seed coat. Disease is […]

Fusarium Basal Rot (Onions)

Fusarium Basal Rot (Onions) Description: First seen as curving, yellowing of leaf tips, progessively moving downward. Solution: Do not grow grain cover crops in rotation with onions or garlic. Maintain soil pH at 6.5 to 7.0. Test soil pH; if it is too acid, use ground limestone to raise pH. Most garden centers and farm stores sell ground limestone. Do […]

Fusarium Root and Crown Rot (Tomatoes)

Fusarium Root and Crown Rot (Tomatoes) Description: Entire root system is affected. Brown discoloration is obvious at the base of the stem. Disease progresses slowly from bottom to top, sometimes causing wilting. Disease is widespread in tomato growing regions. Solution: Maintain soil pH at 6.5 to 7.0. Test soil pH; if it is too acid, use ground limestone to raise […]

Downy Mildew on Roses

Downy Mildew on Roses Description: Downy mildew affects roses throughout the U.S. Infection begins on young plant growth. Leaves develop dark purplish to dark brown spots. Symptoms may resemble burns caused by pesticide toxicity. Humid, cool conditions favor downy mildew infection. Solution: If downy mildew has been a problem in the past, begin spraying Soap-Shield® Fungicidal Soap when new spring […]

Cabbage Maggot

Cabbage Maggot Description: The maggot is 1/3″ long, white, legless, with blunt rear end. Injury is almost entirely underground where maggots attack the roots of cole crops (broccoli, cabbage, etc.), making slimy tunnels in larger roots. Damage is worst when weather is cool and soil is moist.  First signs of injury: foliage discolors and wilts during the heat of day. Solution: Apply Grub-Away […]

Cabbage Looper & Cabbage Worm

Cabbage Looper & Cabbage Worm Description: In most of the country it is almost impossible  to raise any vegetable in the cole family (cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, etc.) without controlling these green pests, 1-1/4″ to 1-1/2″ long. Presence of white or yellow butterflies signals start of infestation.  These cabbage pests can defoliate plants very quickly when fully grown. They eat holes […]

Brown Rot (Peaches)

  Brown Rot (Peaches) Description: Brown Rot is destructive to peaches and all stone fruits. Fungi overwinter in twigs or in infected fruit, either on the tree or on the ground. Healthy flower buds are infected by blown or splashed spores. Spores from infected blossoms are blown to healthy fruit. The more mature the fruit, the more susceptible it is to […]

Blossom-End Rot (Tomatoes)

Blossom-End Rot (Tomatoes) Description: : Ugly sunken brown patches on the bottom of tomatoes, melons, peppers and cucumbers. A disorder caused by a deficiency of calcium in the soil. Most commonly occurs after rapid growth followed by a prolonged dry spell, or extended periods of heavy rain that cause calcium to leach from the soil. Solution: Use Rot-StopTM Spray spray on foliage and […]

Blister Beetle

Description: Yellow or gray with black stripes. A poisonous beetle 1/2″ long that raises blisters on the skin if crushed by hand. They eat foliage and blossoms of almost any vegetable. They feed in swarms, eating almost everything in sight. Solution: Dust with Rotenone/Copper Combo or spray with PyolaTM Insecticidal Spray.