More than 1,000 species of shrubs and small trees of tropical origin, many with pungent aroma and cultivated for spice crops. Most often with alternate, ovate leaves. Small flowers are followed by single-seeded fruit. In temperate climates may be grown in a warm greenhouse. Peppercorns are harvested at different stages of ripeness for different uses.
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Size: Height: 0 ft. to 0 ft.
Width: 0 ft. to 0 ft.
Plant Category: shrubs, trees,
Plant Characteristics: decorative berries or fruit,
Foliage Characteristics: fragrant, evergreen,
Bloomtime Range: not applicable
USDA Hardiness Zone: undefined
AHS Heat Zone: Not defined for this plant
Light Range: Dappled to Sun
pH Range: Not defined for this plant
Soil Range: Sand to Potting Soil
Water Range: Normal to Moist
ProblemsDiseases : Pythium and Phytophtora Root Rot
Rot Rot, Pythium or Phytophthora occurs when soil moisture levels are excessively high and fungal spores present in the soil, come in contact with the susceptible plant. The base of stems discolor and shrink, and leaves further up the stalk wilt and die. Leaves near base are affected first. The roots will turn black and rot or break. This fungi can be introduced by using unsterilized soil mix or contaminated water.
Prevention and Control Remove affected plants and their roots, and discard surrounding soil. Replace with plants that are not susceptible, and only use fresh, sterilized soil mix. Hold back on fertilizing too. Try not to over water plants and make sure that soil is well drained prior to planting. This fungus is not treatable by chemicals.
Rhizoctonia Root and Stem Rot symptoms look similar to Pythium Root Rot, but the Rhizoctonia fungus seems to thrive in well drained soils.