This coarse-leafed, vigorous perennial thrives is wet areas and is most notes for its large, leathery, rounded leaves. Flowers are held above foliage on dark single stems that branch giving rise to daisy-like, fringy yellow flowers. Grow in fertile soil that stays moist. Full sun with some mid-day protection.
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Size:Height: 3 ft. to 5 ft.
Width: 3 ft. to 3 ft.
Plant Characteristics:low maintenance,
Foliage Characteristics:coarse leaves,
Bloomtime Range: Early Summer to Early Fall
USDA Hardiness Zone:4 to 8
AHS Heat Zone:Not defined for this plant
Light Range:Dappled to Part Sun
pH Range:5.5 to 7
Soil Range:Clay Loam to Some Clay
Water Range:Moist to Boggy
FertilizingHow-to : Fertilization for Annuals and Perennials
Annuals and perennials may be fertilized using: 1.water-soluble, quick release fertilizers; 2. temperature controlled slow-release fertilizers; or 3. organic fertilizers such as fish emulsion. Water soluble fertilizers are generally used every two weeks during the growing season or per label instructions. Controlled, slow-release fertilizers are worked into the soil ususally only once during the growing season or per label directions. For organic fertilizers such as fish emulsion, follow label directions as they may vary per product.
LightConditions : Dappled Light
Dappled Light refers to a dappled pattern of light created on the ground, as cast by light passing through high tree branches. This is the middle ground, not considered shady, but not sunny either. Dappled remains constant throughout the day.
WateringConditions : Moist
Moist is defined as soil that receives regular watering to a depth of 18 inch deep, does not dry out, but does not have a drainage problem either.
Conditions : Boggy
Boggy is defined as an area that is poorly drained, having standing water at least 9 months out of the year.
PlantingHow-to : Planting Perennials
Determine appropriate perennials for your garden by considering sun and shade through the day, exposure, water requirements, climate, soil makeup, seasonal color desired, and position of other garden plants and trees.
To plant seedlings: A number of perennials produce self-sown seedlings that can be transplanted. You may also start your own seedling bed for transplanting. Prepare suitable planting holes, spacing appropriately for plant development. Gently lift the seedling and as much surrounding soil as possible with your garden trowel, and replant it immediately, firming soil with fingertips and water well. Shade from direct sun and water regularly until stable.
ProblemsPest : Slugs and Snails
Begin looking for slugs and snails so that you may set traps.