‘Martoc’ is one of England’s oldest varieties. The seeds look much like the ‘Horse’ bean. The pods have 2 large seeds each. Generally dried and cooked for use in soups. An annual legume introduced by the Spanish for cool season growing. The large beans are eaten fresh and green or dried. Broad beans are the hardiest of the bean family, and can overwinter outside. This is a good thing for the garden, for these plants fix nitrogen in the soil throughout the winter, and working the plants into the soil in spring will add organic matter as well. Deep, heavy soils are the best for broad beans, but the soil must drain well. Rotate these crops yearly, otherwise you will run the risk of building diseases in your soil. Plant in fall or early spring, 1 inch deep and 6 to 8 inches apart. Thin to 10 inch spacing. Plants generally reach 2 to 3 feet tall, often with many side shoots. Mostly self pollinating. Hot weather can keep the plants from fruiting. Try to provide plenty of water and some shade if possible until things cool down. Although they are a nutritious food for most, some people have a rare enzyme deficiency that makes fava beans dangerous for them to eat.Important Info : A small percentage of people suffer from 'favism' an allergy to the 'fava' or 'broad' bean, which can be fatal.
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Size:Height: 0 ft. to 0 ft.
Width: 0 ft. to 0 ft.
Plant Category:annuals and biennials, climbers, edibles,
Plant Characteristics:low maintenance, seed start,
Foliage Characteristics:small leaves,
Bloomtime Range: not applicable
USDA Hardiness Zone:3 to 11
AHS Heat Zone:Not defined for this plant
Light Range:Sun to Full Sun
pH Range:5.5 to 8
Soil Range:Some Sand to Some Clay
Water Range:Dry to Moist
LightConditions : Full Sun
Full Sun is defined as exposure to more than 6 hours of continuous, direct sun per day.
WateringConditions : Dry
Dry is defined as an area that regularly receives water, but is fast draining. This results in a soil that is often dry to a depth of 18 inches.
Conditions : Normal
Normal is defined as regular watering to a depth of 18 inches, but periodically dries out in the top 7 inches between waterings.
Conditions : Moist and Well Drained
Moist and well drained means exactly what it sounds like. Soil is moist without being soggy because the texture of the soil allows excess moisture to drain away. Most plants like about 1 inch of water per week. Amending your soil with compost will help improve texture and water holding or draining capacity. A 3 inch layer of mulch will help to maintain soil moisture and studies have shown that mulched plants grow faster than non-mulched plants.
Conditions : Normal Watering for Outdoor Plants
Normal watering means that soil should be kept evenly moist and watered regularly, as conditions require. Most plants like 1 inch of water a week during the growing season, but take care not to over water. The first two years after a plant is installed, regular watering is important for establishment. The first year is critical. It is better to water once a week and water deeply, than to water frequently for a few minutes.
ProblemsPest : Aphids
Aphids are small, soft-bodied, slow-moving insects that suck fluids from plants. Aphids come in many colors, ranging from green to brown to black, and they may have wings. They attack a wide range of plant species causing stunting, deformed leaves and buds. They can transmit harmful plant viruses with their piercing/sucking mouthparts. Aphids, generally, are merely a nuisance, since it takes many of them to cause serious plant damage. However aphids do produce a sweet substance called honeydew (coveted by ants) which can lead to an unattractive black surface growth called sooty mold.
Aphids can increase quickly in numbers and each female can produce up to 250 live nymphs in the course of a month without mating. Aphids often appear when the environment changes - spring & fall. They're often massed at the tips of branches feeding on succulent tissue. Aphids are attracted to the color yellow and will often hitchhike on yellow clothing.
Prevention and Control: Keep weeds to an absolute minimum, especially around desirable plants. On edibles, wash off infected area of plant. Lady bugs and lacewings will feed on aphids in the garden. There are various products - organic and inorganic - that can be used to control aphids. Seek the recommendation of a professional and follow all label procedures to a tee.
MiscellaneousGlossary : Annual
An annual is any plant that completes its life cycle in one growing season.
Glossary : pH
pH, means the potential of Hydrogen, is the measure of alkalinity or acidity. In horticulture, pH refers to the pH of soil. The scale measures from 0, most acid, to 14, most alkaline. Seven is neutral. Most plants prefer a range between 5.5 and about 6.7, an acid range, but there are plenty of other plants that like soil more alkaline, or above 7. A pH of 7 is where the plant can most easily absorb the most nutrients in the soil. Some plants prefer more or less of certain nutrients, and therefore do better at a certain pH.
Glossary : Edibles
An edible is a plant that has a part or all of it that can be safely consumed in some way.