Pond Designs, How to Build

perennials, blue flowers, garden, design



Adding a pond to a garden not only allows you
to plant a fascinating range of beautiful aquatic
plants, it also attracts a huge range of wildlife.
You will be amazed by the influx of birds, dragonflies
and other interesting pond-life.


The site was just a field when I arrived. My
brief was to create a natural stretch of water
where my client could keep fish and ducks.  

the garden

The ground was sloping, so when designing I had
to give careful consideration to the levels of
the land.

With the customer keen to keep ducks, I wanted
to create an island in the middle of the pond.
This offers the ducks a safe haven, away from
four legged predators. The island needs occasional
maintenance and so I included a wooden jetty for
mooring a boat.

The field has a natural spring. My design used
this to create a stream that would carry water
into the pond. No need then to keep topping it
up in the summer!


If you are having excavation work in your garden,
it needs to be done in a way that looks natural,
as if it’s been there for years.

Excavation was needed to create the pond and
I wanted to reuse the soil elsewhere in the field.
Top soil is expensive so you should always endeavour
to reuse it.

The pond was dug 10 foot deep with shelves at
varying depths to allow me to plant a variety
of aquatic plants. It was lined with a thick rubber
liner. You should always start with a protective
layer when using a pond liner. This way you will
reduce the risk of puncturing by sharp stones.
I generally use sand, however you can use old
carpets or even blankets!

A ledge was built at water level, on which I
placed natural stone. This means that when the
pond is full of water you can’t see the liner
around the edges. The water laps up against rock,
giving a really natural look.  


• When planting for a pond remember that
water lilies work best in still water. Keep them
away from streams and fountains.
• Keep all your pond liner off-cuts. These
can be used under rocks around the waters edge
to protect the liner from punctures.
• Ducks need to be able to get in and out
of the pond easily, so create a shore. Do not
be tempted to use sand because ducks feet are
quite sharp and can pierce the pond lining. Instead
use flat stones that will not get dislodged and
therefore offer more protection.  



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