Traditional flowering perennial widely grown as an annual in colder regions. Bright to dark green leaves are oval and finely-toothed, 5 inches long. The cultivars of the Super Elfin Series spread and are flat and bloom in wonderful colors of violet, orange, pink and red. Also pastel colors. Masses of dazzling flowers to 1-2 inches wide smother light green leaves throughout the summer. Ideal for brightening a shady garden or for adding color to patios. Requires shady, moist soil.
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CharacteristicsCultivar: Super Elfin Series
Size:Height: 0.67 ft. to 0.83 ft.
Width: 0.83 ft. to 1 ft.
Plant Category:annuals and biennials,
Foliage Characteristics:medium leaves,
Flower Characteristics:showy, single,
Flower Color:oranges, pinks, purples, reds,
Tolerances:heat & humidity,
Bloomtime Range: Early Summer to Early Fall
USDA Hardiness Zone:10 to 11
AHS Heat Zone:1 to 1
Light Range:Shade to Part Sun
pH Range:4.5 to 6.5
Soil Range:Some Sand to Some Clay
Water Range:Moist to Moist
FertilizingHow-to : Fertilization for Annuals and Perennials
Annuals and perennials may be fertilized using: 1.water-soluble, quick release fertilizers; 2. temperature controlled slow-release fertilizers; or 3. organic fertilizers such as fish emulsion. Water soluble fertilizers are generally used every two weeks during the growing season or per label instructions. Controlled, slow-release fertilizers are worked into the soil ususally only once during the growing season or per label directions. For organic fertilizers such as fish emulsion, follow label directions as they may vary per product.
LightConditions : Full to Partial Shade
Full shade means there is little or no light in the growing zone. Shade can be the result of a mature stand of trees or shadows cast by a house or building. Plants that require full shade are usually susceptible to sunburn. Full shade beneath trees may pose additional problems; not only is there no light, but competition for water, nutrients and root space.
Partial shade means that an area receives filtered light, often through tall branches of an open growing tree. Root competition is usually less. Partial shade can also be achieved by locating a plant beneath an arbor or lathe-like structure. Shadier sides of a building are normally the northern or northeastern sides. These sides also tend to be a little cooler. It is not uncommon for plants that can tolerate full sun or some sun in cooler climates to require some shade in warmer climates due to stress placed on the plant from reduced moisture and excessive heat.
WateringConditions : Moist
Moist is defined as soil that receives regular watering to a depth of 18 inch deep, does not dry out, but does not have a drainage problem either.
MiscellaneousGlossary : Border Plant
A border plant is one which looks especially nice when used next to other plants in a border. Borders are different from hedges in that they are not clipped. Borders are loose and billowy, often dotted with deciduous flowering shrubs. For best effect, mass smaller plants in groups of 3, 5, 7, or 9. Larger plants may stand alone, or if room permits, group several layers of plants for a dramatic impact. Borders are nice because they define property lines and can screen out bad views and offer seasonal color. Many gardeners use the border to add year round color and interest to the garden.
Glossary : Container Plant
A plant that is considered to be a good container plant is one that does not have a tap root, but rather a more confined, fibrous root system. Plants that usually thrive in containers are slow- growing or relatively small in size. Plants are more adaptable than people give them credit for. Even large growing plants can be used in containers when they are very young, transplanted to the ground when older. Many woody ornamentals make wonderful container plants as well as annuals, perennials, vegetables, herbs, and bulbs.
Glossary : Mass Planting
Mass is one of the elements of design and relates directly to balance. Mass planting is defined as the grouping of three or more of the same type of plants in one area. When massing plants, keep in mind what visual effect they will have. Small properties require smaller masses where larger properties can handle larger masses or sweeps of plants.
Glossary : Annual
An annual is any plant that completes its life cycle in one growing season.