American Primrose Society (Primulas) – Seed List


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Dues for individual or household membership in the American Primrose Society, domestic and foreign, are $25 US per the calendar year, $70 for three years; or $35 for an individual life membership. Submit payment to the treasurer.

Julia Haldorson, Treasurer

PO Box 210913,

Auke Bay. AK 99821 USA
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for information only.”


This section contains small, often farinose, plants which

inhabit marshes or stream beds. They are excellent subjects for troughs,

planters, or shady rock garden. The flowers may be lavender, pink, rose or

white. Many have a brief life cycle and can be propagated easily by division or


gemmifera ex. COX 6017halleri col. Porin Hills, 2,500 m.
modesta var. fauriaescotica


These species are without farina, usually small, moisture and

shade-loving. In nature, they grow in meadows and bogs and will not tolerate

drought conditions. They can be propagated best by fresh seed and division.




These rhizomatous, evergreen plants often have lobed leaves with

distinct petioles. The most common, P. sinensis, is not hardy in winter frost

areas. Primula sinensis has distinctive, bonnet-shaped calyces.

sinensis mix col. Deyiang, Sichuan, China, hardy


This section contains leathery-leaved, evergreen alpine plants

which, when not in bloom, are often mistaken for succulents. Many are commonly

grown in a moist section of the rock garden. Some of the exhibition auricula

hybrids have been cherished by gardeners for centuries. Propagation is by

offsets or seed.

Auricula Hybrids
Auricula, alpine, gold centered,
rust/orangeAuricula, alpine, mix HP
Auricula, black self HP
Auricula, border,mix HP
Auricula, double
Auricula, exhibition, alpine
Auricula,’Field House Mixed’
Auricula, garden, mix
Auricula, garden, ‘OldIrish
Green’, green-edged/black
Auricula, garden, pale yellow

Auricula, garden, white
Auricula, garden, yellow

green-edged HP
Auricula, mix, Dickson Strain
Auricula, ‘Old Irish

Green’ x ‘Macbeth
Stripe’, some stripes/black/red HP

Auricula, self, yellow HP


As the name implies, the flowers are contained in dense

head-like umbels. Plant parts are generally farinose and hairy. White farina

dusting the dark purple flowers adds to the charm of these late-flowering

plants. Plants need partial shade with adequate summer moisture and good

drainage. Propagate by fresh seed or division after flowering.

capitata ssp. mooreana


These woodland species are deciduous, or rarely evergreen, with

soft, hairy leaves. The stems hold umbels of white, pink or purple flowers well

above the leaves. Some species, like P. sieboldii , can be found

in a wide variety of flower colors and forms. Easy to cultivate, they can be

propagated by seed or division as the leaves emerge in the spring.

kisoana alba x kisoana (pink) HPkisoana (pink) x kisoana alba HP[9]
latisecta HP
mollis HP

palmata HP
sieboldii Dancing

Ladies, white w/rose, lavender or pink reverse
sieboldii Galaxie (Winter

Dreams, Pago-pago, Manakoora, Dancing Ladies, & Tah-ni mix)

Manakoora, light & mid blues, violets
sieboldii mix

Pago-pago, mix of rose & red
sieboldii Tah-ni, mix of heavily fringed

sieboldii, Winter Dreams, white


These tall, stately plants inhabit wet meadows, screes or bogs.

The species are deciduous, forming large winter resting buds. They do best in a

cool summer climate, but the vigorous root system needs good drainage during

wet winter months. Propagate by seed or division.

longipes col. Kackar Tag., Turkey 3,200 m.


This section contains small, alpine tundra plants with glossy

green, dentate leaves. Flowers, typically white, pink or rose, are held above

the leaf rosettes in generous umbels. They are best grown in partial shade in

pots or troughs in a well-drained, peaty soil mix, with some protection against

winter wet. Propagate by seed, division or cuttings.



This is the “Drumstick Primula” section. These robust perennials

send up tight, spherical flower heads early in the spring. Flowering often

occurs just as the long, leathery leaves are emerging from a winter resting

bud. Easy to cultivate, most species can thrive in any soil condition, provided

they do not dry out in the summer. Plants can be propagated by seed, division

or root cuttings.

denticulata ‘Alba’
denticulata ‘Blue Auslese’denticulata, dark wine
denticulata ‘Rubin’


As the name implies, these species often bloom only once. The

most common, P. malacoides , is a popular plant for a cool

greenhouse or conservatory. Not hardy in cold climates, they are often used as

an early blooming, bedding plant in warmer areas. The hairy leaves with farina

on the underside combined with clouds of purple, rose, lavender, pink or white

flowers make an attractive container plant. They can be easily grown from seed.

malacoides mix


These short-lived perennials contain some of the most striking

and unusual primulas. In nature, they are found in wet meadows as the snow

recedes. All have deciduous basal leaves and spikes or dense heads of small,

usually fragrant, flowers. P. vialii resembles a red-hot poker

with scarlet calyces and blue violet flowers giving the appearance of a blue

poker with a red tip. It flowers later than most primulas. All species are

propagated from seed or division.

deflexa ex. ACE 2283muscarioides
watsonii ex. COX 6019


These small to medium-sized perennials bloom very early in the

spring. Above smooth-textured, toothed leaves rises a stalk of bright rose

pink, yellow-eyed flowers. The leaves continue to elongate as the blooming

season progresses. The most commonly grown species, P. rosea , is

best grown in a rich, wet soil that does not dry out in the summer. Propagation

is by the division as it comes into spring growth or by seed.

rosea ‘Gigas’


The best known of the primula sections, this one includes the

common primrose (P. vulgaris ), the cowslip (P. veris

) and the oxlip (P. elatior ) as well as many horticulturally

important hybrids. Easy to grow in fertile, water-retentive soil, they can be

free- flowering and long-lived. Most are winter hardy, by should not be allowed

to dry out in the summer. Propagation is by division after flowering or by


amoena HP
elatior col. Iron Mountainselatior var. pallasii col.
veris, red
veris ssp. columnae

vulgaris col.

Primula Hybrids
Acaulis, Barnhaven doubles
Acaulis, double HPElizabethan polyanthus mix
Elizabethan primrose mix, (Hose-in-hose,

Jackanapes, Pantaloons, Gallygaskins &

Juliae hybrid HP
Juliana hybrid, Footlight

Parade, stalked pink to raspberry to salmon
Juliana hybrid mix, stalked

yellow & red
‘New Garryards’ HP
Pick & Mix, some HP

& Mix (hose-in-hose, juliae hybrids, gold-laced, doubles, ‘Cowichan’, etc.)

x polyantha
x polyantha, near white
Polyanthus, Barnhaven Hybrid

Polyantus, ‘Cowichan’, amethyst
Polyanthus, ‘Cowichan’, blue

Polyanthus, ‘Cowichan’, garnet
Polyanthus, ‘Cowichan’ mix

‘Cowichan’, Venetian (hot pink & strawberry reds)

‘Cowichan’, yellow
Polyanthus, Daybreak, dark stemmed whites & pinks

Polyanthus, Gold-laced, dark ground HP
Polyanthus, Gold-laced, best

red ground HP
Polyanthus, Gold-laced, x Polyanthus
Polyanthus mix

Polyanthus, Muted Victorians, lavender, violet, blue, buff

Polyanthus, Old Rose Victorians
Polyanthus, Striped Victorians, blue &

Polyanthus, Valentine Victorians, pinks w/ white centers


Earlier named the Candelabra Section, the flowers appear in

whorls on tall stalks. These robust perennials are easy to grow in a moist,

fertile soil that does not dry out. They make excellent bog or stream side

plantings that flower in May and June. The flowers are very attractive to

hummingbirds and butterflies. Depending on the species, the flowers can be

found in almost every color except blue. Propagation is by division as they

come into growth or by seed.

Candelabra,Ceperly Hybrids, lilac w/yellow eye
Candelabra, Ceperly Hybrids, orange to

rich gold
Candelabra, Ceperly Hybrids, peach w/yellow eye

Ceperly Hybrids, pink w/yellow eye
Candelabra hybrids, mixed

Candelabra, white
bulleyana hybrids, Ceperley Strain,

pastel shades
x bulleesiana hybrids
bulleyana, orange/yellow

japonica, fuchsia
japonica ‘Glowing Embers’

japonica ‘Mandarin Red’
japonica ‘Millers’ Crimson’

pink mottled w/white
japonica ‘Postford White’
japonica, white

japonica, white/pink, dark red
poissonii (isolated)

wilsonii, white


Small to very robust, deciduous perennials are found in this

Himalayan section. Their natural habitat is a monsoon climate in bogs, alpine

meadows or along streamsides. The largest and most commonly grown species

(P. florindae, P. sikkimensis, P. alpicola ) are excellent choices

for the bog garden or along streams. The yellow, fragrant, farinose flowers of

P. florindae and P. sikkimensis are held in umbels on

stems from 12 to 30 inches tall making a striking statement in a semi-shady

location. Propagate by division or seed.

alpicola, mostly yellow alpicola, yellowalpicola/florindae hybrids
alpicola var. alba
alpicola var. violacea

florindae, mixed
florindae, orange

florindae, red



With flowers like a very fragrant soldanella, these plants are

extremely beautiful, but somewhat difficult to grow. The bell- shaped white or

lavender flowers are very large in comparison to the small stature of the

plant. They are usually grown in containers with a humusy, but well-drained

soil mix that is watered regularly in the summer, but kept almost dry in the

winter. The containers should be placed in a cool, semi-shady location during

the summer. They are best propagated by seed.

reidii var. williamsii (mixed)


The species in this section are not hardy in colder climates.

However, they make excellent container plants in a cool room or conservatory.

The bright yellow flowers appear from December to April above leaves often

covered with a white meal. A peat-based soil should be kept rather dry during the

winter and moister during the summer months. Hybridization of two of these

species gave rise to the popular P. x kewensis . Propagation is

primarily by seed.



Some experts list this monospecific group as a separate genus;

one source classes it as a subgenus and section of primula. Primula

grandis has pale yellow, nodding, urn-shaped flowers with a style that

extends beyond the petals. An umbel containing large numbers of flowers tops a

sturdy stalk about 30 inches tall. The basal leaves are rounded with a

heart-shaped base. These plants require adequate moisture, nutrients, and a

cool, partially shady location. Propagation is primarily by seed.



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