THE AMERICAN PRIMROSE SOCIETY
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Dues for individual or household membership in the American Primrose Society, domestic and foreign, are $25 US per the calendar year, $70 for three years; or $35 for an individual life membership. Submit payment to the treasurer.
Julia Haldorson, Treasurer
PO Box 210913,
Auke Bay. AK 99821 USA
Email Julia Haldorson
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for information only.”
This section contains small, often farinose, plants which
inhabit marshes or stream beds. They are excellent subjects for troughs,
planters, or shady rock garden. The flowers may be lavender, pink, rose or
white. Many have a brief life cycle and can be propagated easily by division or
gemmifera ex. COX 6017halleri col. Porin Hills, 2,500 m.
modesta var. fauriaescotica
These species are without farina, usually small, moisture and
shade-loving. In nature, they grow in meadows and bogs and will not tolerate
drought conditions. They can be propagated best by fresh seed and division.
These rhizomatous, evergreen plants often have lobed leaves with
distinct petioles. The most common, P. sinensis, is not hardy in winter frost
areas. Primula sinensis has distinctive, bonnet-shaped calyces.
- sinensis mix col. Deyiang, Sichuan, China, hardy
This section contains leathery-leaved, evergreen alpine plants
which, when not in bloom, are often mistaken for succulents. Many are commonly
grown in a moist section of the rock garden. Some of the exhibition auricula
hybrids have been cherished by gardeners for centuries. Propagation is by
offsets or seed.
- Auricula, alpine, gold centered,
rust/orangeAuricula, alpine, mix HP
Auricula, black self HP
Auricula, border,mix HP
Auricula, exhibition, alpine
Auricula,’Field House Mixed’
Auricula, garden, mix
Auricula, garden, ‘OldIrish
Auricula, garden, pale yellow
Auricula, garden, white
Auricula, garden, yellow
Auricula, mix, Dickson Strain
Auricula, ‘Old Irish
Green’ x ‘Macbeth
Stripe’, some stripes/black/red HP
Auricula, self, yellow HP
As the name implies, the flowers are contained in dense
head-like umbels. Plant parts are generally farinose and hairy. White farina
dusting the dark purple flowers adds to the charm of these late-flowering
plants. Plants need partial shade with adequate summer moisture and good
drainage. Propagate by fresh seed or division after flowering.
capitata ssp. mooreana
These woodland species are deciduous, or rarely evergreen, with
soft, hairy leaves. The stems hold umbels of white, pink or purple flowers well
above the leaves. Some species, like P. sieboldii , can be found
in a wide variety of flower colors and forms. Easy to cultivate, they can be
propagated by seed or division as the leaves emerge in the spring.
kisoana alba x kisoana (pink) HPkisoana (pink) x kisoana alba HP
Ladies, white w/rose, lavender or pink reverse
sieboldii Galaxie (Winter
Dreams, Pago-pago, Manakoora, Dancing Ladies, & Tah-ni mix)
Manakoora, light & mid blues, violets
Pago-pago, mix of rose & red
sieboldii Tah-ni, mix of heavily fringed
sieboldii, Winter Dreams, white
These tall, stately plants inhabit wet meadows, screes or bogs.
The species are deciduous, forming large winter resting buds. They do best in a
cool summer climate, but the vigorous root system needs good drainage during
wet winter months. Propagate by seed or division.
longipes col. Kackar Tag., Turkey 3,200 m.
This section contains small, alpine tundra plants with glossy
green, dentate leaves. Flowers, typically white, pink or rose, are held above
the leaf rosettes in generous umbels. They are best grown in partial shade in
pots or troughs in a well-drained, peaty soil mix, with some protection against
winter wet. Propagate by seed, division or cuttings.
This is the “Drumstick Primula” section. These robust perennials
send up tight, spherical flower heads early in the spring. Flowering often
occurs just as the long, leathery leaves are emerging from a winter resting
bud. Easy to cultivate, most species can thrive in any soil condition, provided
they do not dry out in the summer. Plants can be propagated by seed, division
or root cuttings.
- denticulata ‘Alba’
denticulata ‘Blue Auslese’denticulata, dark wine
As the name implies, these species often bloom only once. The
most common, P. malacoides , is a popular plant for a cool
greenhouse or conservatory. Not hardy in cold climates, they are often used as
an early blooming, bedding plant in warmer areas. The hairy leaves with farina
on the underside combined with clouds of purple, rose, lavender, pink or white
flowers make an attractive container plant. They can be easily grown from seed.
- malacoides mix
These short-lived perennials contain some of the most striking
and unusual primulas. In nature, they are found in wet meadows as the snow
recedes. All have deciduous basal leaves and spikes or dense heads of small,
usually fragrant, flowers. P. vialii resembles a red-hot poker
with scarlet calyces and blue violet flowers giving the appearance of a blue
poker with a red tip. It flowers later than most primulas. All species are
propagated from seed or division.
deflexa ex. ACE 2283muscarioides
watsonii ex. COX 6019
These small to medium-sized perennials bloom very early in the
spring. Above smooth-textured, toothed leaves rises a stalk of bright rose
pink, yellow-eyed flowers. The leaves continue to elongate as the blooming
season progresses. The most commonly grown species, P. rosea , is
best grown in a rich, wet soil that does not dry out in the summer. Propagation
is by the division as it comes into spring growth or by seed.
The best known of the primula sections, this one includes the
common primrose (P. vulgaris ), the cowslip (P. veris
) and the oxlip (P. elatior ) as well as many horticulturally
important hybrids. Easy to grow in fertile, water-retentive soil, they can be
free- flowering and long-lived. Most are winter hardy, by should not be allowed
to dry out in the summer. Propagation is by division after flowering or by
- amoena HP
elatior col. Iron Mountainselatior var. pallasii col.
veris ssp. columnae
- Acaulis, Barnhaven doubles
Acaulis, double HPElizabethan polyanthus mix
Elizabethan primrose mix, (Hose-in-hose,
Jackanapes, Pantaloons, Gallygaskins &
Juliae hybrid HP
Juliana hybrid, Footlight
Parade, stalked pink to raspberry to salmon
Juliana hybrid mix, stalked
yellow & red
‘New Garryards’ HP
Pick & Mix, some HP
& Mix (hose-in-hose, juliae hybrids, gold-laced, doubles, ‘Cowichan’, etc.)
x polyantha, near white
Polyanthus, Barnhaven Hybrid
Polyantus, ‘Cowichan’, amethyst
Polyanthus, ‘Cowichan’, blue
Polyanthus, ‘Cowichan’, garnet
Polyanthus, ‘Cowichan’ mix
‘Cowichan’, Venetian (hot pink & strawberry reds)
Polyanthus, Daybreak, dark stemmed whites & pinks
Polyanthus, Gold-laced, dark ground HP
Polyanthus, Gold-laced, best
red ground HP
Polyanthus, Gold-laced, x Polyanthus
Polyanthus, Muted Victorians, lavender, violet, blue, buff
Polyanthus, Old Rose Victorians
Polyanthus, Striped Victorians, blue &
Polyanthus, Valentine Victorians, pinks w/ white centers
PROLIFERAE & HYBRIDS
Earlier named the Candelabra Section, the flowers appear in
whorls on tall stalks. These robust perennials are easy to grow in a moist,
fertile soil that does not dry out. They make excellent bog or stream side
plantings that flower in May and June. The flowers are very attractive to
hummingbirds and butterflies. Depending on the species, the flowers can be
found in almost every color except blue. Propagation is by division as they
come into growth or by seed.
Candelabra,Ceperly Hybrids, lilac w/yellow eye
Candelabra, Ceperly Hybrids, orange to
Candelabra, Ceperly Hybrids, peach w/yellow eye
Ceperly Hybrids, pink w/yellow eye
Candelabra hybrids, mixed
bulleyana hybrids, Ceperley Strain,
x bulleesiana hybrids
japonica ‘Glowing Embers’
japonica ‘Mandarin Red’
japonica ‘Millers’ Crimson’
pink mottled w/white
japonica ‘Postford White’
japonica, white/pink, dark red
Small to very robust, deciduous perennials are found in this
Himalayan section. Their natural habitat is a monsoon climate in bogs, alpine
meadows or along streamsides. The largest and most commonly grown species
(P. florindae, P. sikkimensis, P. alpicola ) are excellent choices
for the bog garden or along streams. The yellow, fragrant, farinose flowers of
P. florindae and P. sikkimensis are held in umbels on
stems from 12 to 30 inches tall making a striking statement in a semi-shady
location. Propagate by division or seed.
- alpicola, mostly yellow alpicola, yellowalpicola/florindae hybrids
alpicola var. alba
alpicola var. violacea
With flowers like a very fragrant soldanella, these plants are
extremely beautiful, but somewhat difficult to grow. The bell- shaped white or
lavender flowers are very large in comparison to the small stature of the
plant. They are usually grown in containers with a humusy, but well-drained
soil mix that is watered regularly in the summer, but kept almost dry in the
winter. The containers should be placed in a cool, semi-shady location during
the summer. They are best propagated by seed.
- reidii var. williamsii (mixed)
The species in this section are not hardy in colder climates.
However, they make excellent container plants in a cool room or conservatory.
The bright yellow flowers appear from December to April above leaves often
covered with a white meal. A peat-based soil should be kept rather dry during the
winter and moister during the summer months. Hybridization of two of these
species gave rise to the popular P. x kewensis . Propagation is
primarily by seed.
Some experts list this monospecific group as a separate genus;
one source classes it as a subgenus and section of primula. Primula
grandis has pale yellow, nodding, urn-shaped flowers with a style that
extends beyond the petals. An umbel containing large numbers of flowers tops a
sturdy stalk about 30 inches tall. The basal leaves are rounded with a
heart-shaped base. These plants require adequate moisture, nutrients, and a
cool, partially shady location. Propagation is primarily by seed.
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