Fusarium Root and Crown Rot (Tomatoes)

Fusarium Root and Crown Rot (Tomatoes) Description: Entire root system is affected. Brown discoloration is obvious at the base of the stem. Disease progresses slowly from bottom to top, sometimes causing wilting. Disease is widespread in tomato growing regions. Solution: Maintain soil pH at 6.5 to 7.0. Test soil pH; if it is too acid, use ground limestone to raise […]

Codling Moth

Codling Moth Description: Adult moth has 1/2″ to 3/4″ wingspan. Back part of tips of front wings have large chocolate-brown patches; remainder is covered with wavy, light grey and brown lines. Larvae are white/pink; grow to 3/4″ long. The moths prefer apples, pears, crabapples, walnuts and peaches. Larvae bore straight into the center of the fruit to feed on the […]

Fusarium Root Rot (on Beans)

Fusarium Root Rot (on Beans) Description: Slow growth and appearance of red spots or streaks on lower stem and roots. First true leaves prematurely yellow and drop off. Diseased plants often stay alive by producing new roots near the soil surface; however, yield is severely reduced or eliminated. Solution: Minimizing soil compaction is very helpful in reducing fusarium root rot. […]

Colorado Potato Beetle

Colorado Potato Beetle Description: Adult beetle has a yellow body with black stripes running downward. Red larva grows to 3/5″ long with rows of black spots along its sides. Favorite foods are potato, eggplant, pepper and tomato. Adults and larvae feed on leaves and stems, often stripping entire plants. Small garden plantings seem to be particularly vulnerable to damage. Solution: […]

Fusarium Wilt on Tomatoes

Fusarium Wilt on Tomatoes Description: The first symptom is yellowing of older leaves, then bright yellowing from top to bottom of plant, often affecting only one branch of plant. Sometimes leaves droop and curve downward. Plants often wilt and die. Solution: Maintain soil pH at 6.5 to 7.0. Test soil pH; if it is too acid, use ground limestone to […]

Common Bacterial Blight (Beans)

Common Bacterial Blight (Beans) Description: During periods of warm, humid weather, bacterial blight can be especially harmful to pods. Overwintering occurs in infested plant debris. Solution: After harvest, thoroughly till crop residue into soil. Rotate crops. Spray Soap-Shield® Fungicidal Soap before disease normally appears. Continue applications as long as weather conditions are favorable to the disease.    

Fusarium Root Rot (Peas)

Fusarium Root Rot (Peas) Description: Darkening of stem at soil level, root decline and, as disease progresses, general loss of vigor, stunting, and death of leaves. A serious disease of peas in all areas of the U.S. Solution: Minimize soil compaction and maintain good soil fertility. Alternating with cover crops helps general soil fertility and decreases soil compaction. Sprinkle SoilGardTM […]

Cucumber Beetle

Cucumber Beetle Description: The spotted cucumber beetle is notorious for spreading cucumber bacterial wilt. Body is 1/4″ long, yellowish-green with 12 distinct black spots on its wings. Larvae grow to 1/2″ long. The striped cucumber beetle is 1/5″ long with yellow-and-black striped wings. Preferred foods: cucumbers, beans, melons, squash, pumpkins, corn and eggplant. Beetles lay their eggs in the ground […]

Fusarium Wilt (Cucurbits)

Fusarium Wilt (Cucurbits) Description: In young melon, cucumber and watermelon plants: damping-off, stem collapse, and death. In older plants: yellowing, stunting, wilting, and death. The disease is established wherever cucurbits are grown. Solution: Maintain soil pH at 6.5 to 7.0. Test soil pH; if it is too acid, use ground limestone to raise pH. Most garden centers and farm stores […]

Cutworm

Cutworm Description: Gray or brown caterpillar curls up when disturbed; rarely seen during the day; 1-2″ long, fat body. Black and variegated cutworms are the most destructive and widespread. They eat all garden vegetables, especially tender young seedlings and transplants. While some cutworms eat leaves, the telltale sign of their presence is a plant which has been “sawed off” near […]