Squash Bug – How to control

Squash Bug Description: Up to 5/8″ long. When newly hatched, they have reddish heads and legs, and green bodies. Later, heads and legs turn black, and the body turns a light to dark gray. They suck sap from leaves of all vine crops, causing rapid wilting which becomes black and crisp. During early part of growing season, vine crops are […]

Apple Maggot

Apple Maggot Description: Adult apple maggot is a fly, slightly smaller than a common housefly. Apple maggots overwinter as pupae in the top 2-3″ of soil. The adult flies emerge from early June to early September. Adult females do not lay eggs for the first 8-10 days after they emerge. Then they wander over apples, crabapples, plums and other crops, […]

Squash Mosaic Virus (Cucurbits) – How to control

Squash Mosaic Virus (Cucurbits) Description: Green and yellow curled leaves; warty, misshapen, and spotted fruits. Aphids spread virus to squash plants. Also attacks cucumber, pepper, tomato and melon plants. Solution: Spray regularly with Oil-AwayTM Insecticidal Spray, or PyolaTM Insecticidal Spray to control aphids. Start as soon as plants are above ground; once virus has infected the plant, it is too […]

Squash Vine Borer – How to control

Squash Vine Borer Description: White larva with brown head, up to 1″ long. Preferred foods: pumpkin, squash, cantaloupe, cucumber and gourd vines. A small pile of “sawdust” where the vine meets the soil is a sure sign that you have squash vine borers. Once you notice the first “sawdust,” it will not be long until the leaves wilt and the […]

Vine & Root Weevils – How to control

Vine & Root Weevils Description: Adults emerge mid-May to late July. About 5-6 weeks later, eggs hatch into grubs which search out roots to feed on. Grubs feed all season. The worst injury occurs when overwintering grubs feed on roots in spring; plants may fail to put out new growth and die. Since adults feed only at night (making characteristic […]

Whitefly – How to control

Whitefly Description: : 1/10 to 1/16″ long, milk-white color. When disturbed, the flies flutter about like tiny snowflakes. On houseplants, greenhouse plants, fruits and vegetables, they cause leaves to yellow and dry. Black sooty mold grows on honeydew secretions of whiteflies. Leaves drop early. Solution: Oil-AwayTM Insecticidal Spray provides excellent control, even of the Sweet Potato Whitefly strain. Release Encarsia […]

Killing control Aphids

Aphids Description: Tiny bugs are light or dark green, or black; with or without wings. The largest is 1/6″ long, the smallest is barely visible. They cluster on stems and under leaves. Aphids may cause more crop damage than any other insect, and there are few plants they don’t like. Infested leaves curl and turn yellow; plant is weakened in […]

Root-Knot Nematodes, Carrot – How to control

Root-Knot Nematodes Description: So-called “eel-worms” are only 1/50″ long, with thin, translucent bodies. Over 990 species of plant-attacking nematodes are known. Occurring naturally in large numbers throughout the U.S., especially in the Southeast, they plague vegetables, ornamental plants and trees. Infested plants are usually stunted, lighter in color, and lower in yield than healthy plants. Roots have swellings, galls, or […]

Rust (Roses) – How to control

Rust (Roses) Description: Although rust is widespread, it is most consistently a problem in western states. Yellow “rust” spots appear on the topsides of leaves during cool weather in spring or late fall. Infected leaves become twisted and dry. Spores infect leaves when rain, dew or fog occurs at temperatures from 55° to 75°F. Solution: When rust is first noticed, […]

Neck Rot (Onions)

Neck Rot (Onions) Description: This disease attacks living plants but is often not noticed until onions are being held in storage. Sunken, dried areas start appearing at the neck of the bulb and gradually move down through the entire bulb. Symptoms usually develop after bulbs have been in storage for a month or more. The fungus penetrates leaf tissue, but […]