Anemone – Japanese Wind Flower, Perennials Guide to Planting Flowers

Perennial Flower Information

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Anemone – Japanese
Wind Flower

are many kinds of Anemones found growing in the cultivated
gardens, as well as in the wild of our woods. Some are
among the first flowers to bloom along the river banks
in the Spring and some bloom even after the early frosts
of Autumn have come. All thrive under cool conditions
and in many cases the ground should be covered with
leaf mold to keep it cool. The early blooming varieties
such as the Pasque Flower (Anemone pulsatilla) grow
about 9 inches high and the purplish flowers are borne
in profusion during April. The Pasque Flower is followed
by seed pods covered with silky hairs which stay on
the plant for a considerable time. But of all the Anemones,
the Japanese Wind Flower (A japonica) is the largest
and the best one to grow for our gardens. They begin
blooming early in Fall and last until freezing weather
cuts them down when only the Cosmos, Dahlias and Chrysanthemums
are left. The flowers are pure white, light and dark
pink; they grow from 1l feet to 3 feet tall. They seem
to thrive best when planted in front of shrubbery, evergreens
or walls facing the south where they are protected from
the northern winds. Japanese Anemones have a leathery
foliage which is dark green on the surface and light
green on the under side. The flower spikes grow straight.
and erect from the center of the plant and bear many
large, saucer shaped flowers with a large center of
yellow pollen masses. The good varieties are: Whirlwind,
white; Queen Charlotte, pink; Geante des Blanches, white,
and Kriemhilde, rose. There are also rosy-reds and crimsons.

Anemones are charming when used as cut flowers especially
when combined with the fine ferns or Asparagus plumosus.
The dwarf varieties which bloom in the Spring are used
in rock gardens, while the others are used in borders.
The Japanese Anemones bloom at a time when flowers are
scarce and with slight protection from the early frosts,
they will bloom two or three weeks after many other
plants are killed.

All Anemones like a rich, moist soil, one well
drained in Winter. The early dwarf varieties will thrive
in shady places, but the Japanese Wind Flowers need
sunshine. They like lots of water and should be thoroughly
soaked with water during a dry season. They need some
Winter protection, such as a good covering of leaves.
If the plants are moved, it should be in the Spring,
but it is best to let them grow undisturbed in the border
for a number of years. The ground should be worked deeply
and well manured.

The seed should be sown in the Spring and the plants
spaced at. 18 inches apart. The best method is to divide
the roots. Save even the smallest roots when the plant
is dug, because if they are cut into 2-inch lengths
and placed in a sandy soil they will produce little
plants. When well started these new plants may be placed
in their permanent quarters.


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