Grape Vines – Grow and Care

Grape Vines

Grapes
can be grown quite successfully out of doors in the
southern part of the country, preferably given the protection
of a warm wall. Plant between October and February in
a rich, deep soil.

Plant
firmly and immediately after planting, prune the young
plant to within 30cm (12in) from its base to encourage
a strong shoot to grow.

Plants
out of doors can be grown as cordons espaliers, fans
or bushes.

The
bush method is the simplest and consists mainly in cutting
the branches of the plant back each year to within 2.5cm
(1in) of the main stem. The straggly habit of the bush
form makes it a nuisance in the garden and trailing
on the ground may spoil the berries. The cordon is the
most common form. It consists of a rod trained to a
wire framework about 1.2m (1ft) high. The rod is encouraged
to grow in the same, way as an indoor plant.

The
laterals from the rod are trained 30-38cm (12-15in)
apart and cut back each winter to one bud. Horizontally
cordons can also be grown and these shave the advantage
that they can be covered with tall cloches in late summer
to help to ripen the berries.

Espaliers
are grown by developing pairs of branches 30cm (12in)
apart from the main stem. Two- or three-tier espaliers
are quite sufficient.

Fan
shapes can be grown quite easily by training 5-8 shoots
from the main stem to grow on a wire framework.

The
general pruning treatment is the same as for indoor
plants, but of course, much less growth will be made
during he summer months. In August, cut away as many
of the side shoots as possible, so that light and air
will get to the berries and ripen them properly.

Planting
distances for the various types are: Cordons’ 1m (3ft)
apart; Espaliers’ 2m (6ft); Fans, 2.5m (8ft); Horizontal
cordons’ 2.3m (4ft).

Each
winter give the soil round the plant a dressing of good
general fertilizer, together with a mulch of farmyard
manure. Once again prune in November. Eyes or cuttings
can propagate propagation Vines. Cuttings should be
0cm (12in) long and inserted to half their length in
good soil in November or December. Vine eyes can be
propagated in a greenhouse or warm place.

Vines
are self-fertile and there is no problem with pollination.

There
are a number of lesser-known fruits, which can also
be grown, such as medlars, quinces, figs, mulberries
and others. They are not included here because they
are of specialist interest only and full information
concerning their culture can be obtained from the supplier
of stock.

Apple
tree

Apricots
Blackberries

Cherries
Gooseberries

Grapes
Loganberry
Peaches and Nectarines

Pears
Plums
Raspberries
Strawberries


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