Growing Paeonia

Growing Peonies – Paeonia

May and June gardens would
lack something without this outstandingly beautiful
garden flower. The peony shoots off its display of bloom
in a relatively short number of weeks but retains the
perfection of its green and arching foliage through
the season.

Peony growing information

The herbaceous type of peony
that dies down in the autumn is the variety most commonly
grown. It offers a wide range of colors, from dazzling
white to deep maroon, and various types of bloom. Peonies
make an excellent companion flower with tall bearded
irises. The flowers and foliage make the peony a valuable
plant for planting in the middle range of perennial
borders or in beds by themselves

PLANTING: Roots may be planted
from the first of September until hard frost. Prepare
the ground ahead of planting 1 or 2 weeks by spading
deep (12 to 14 inches), incorporating Fertilizer Food
through this depth at the rate of 1 pound (1 pint) per
25 square feet. Select root divisions with at least
3 eyes and set so that eyes are 2 or 3 inches below
the surface of the soil and the plants 3 to 4 feet apart)
planting either in full sun or in partial shade, but
riot close to trees or shrubs unless both peonies and
trees are fed liberally. Mulching the first winter is
usually desirable.

SPRING CARE: Start cultivation
early. Feed Fertilizer soon after growth starts, using
1 rounded tablespoonful around each plant and cultivating
it into the soil. The feeding is important since the
peony plant makes a very rapid early growth and needs
this complete feeding to produce foliage and blooms.
For larger blooms, disbud, the plant, allowing only
the terminal bud to develop. For quantity of flowers
and a longer flowering season, leave some of the lateral
buds. I

DIVISION: Peonies need not be disturbed
until the flowers grow small and the stems crowded-as
long as 10 years. Three-year plants can be divided for
increasing stock. In digging, loosen the soil 18 to
20 inches around the plant, and at least 12 inches deep,
lift the clump carefully, let roots dry in the sun.
Shake off soil and wash roots free of dirt and cut the
stems to 2 inches. Start working the roots until they
show where they easily separate then cut at these points
with a knife. Leave at least 3 eyes on each section
for planting. The early fall is usually the preferred
dividing time.

DISEASES: Root knot, blight, and
leaf spot are common peony diseases. As a preventive
measure, burn cut-off leaves and stalks in the fall
and remove soil close around the crown and replace with
fresh soil, sterilizing soil with a formaldehyde solution.
In case of bad infestations of root knot, lift the clump
and place in a 30-minute bath of water at 120′ F. Avoid
applications of manure around stems and crown and remove
mulch early in the spring, as these conditions are favorable
for fungus diseases.

Peony Nursery PeonyShop.com Grows over 350 Peony varieties and has his own breeding facility with hundreds new seedlings coming up. We deliver Extra Large Quality Peony bare-roots to our customers with world-wide delivery.

 

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